Total Hip Replacement

Providence Medford Medical Center performs total hip replacement and is certified by the Joint Commission.

Patients who have degenerative joint disease (DJD) may benefit from total hip replacement, also referred to as total hip arthroplasty. This is a surgical procedure in which the arthritic hip joint is replaced by implants, which include:

  • A metal cup with a plastic liner, which replaces the socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis
  • A metal femoral stem and head

The goal of total hip replacement is to increase mobility and ability to perform daily activities.

Q. What cause degenerative joint disease?

A. The risk of developing symptomatic DJD is influenced by multiple factors such as age, gender, and inherited traits that can affect the shape and stability of your joints. Other factors can include:

  • A previous hip injury
  • Repetitive strain on the hip
  • Improper joint alignment
  • Being overweight
  • Exercise or sports-generated stress placed on the hip joint

Q. What are the symptoms?

A. The most commons symptom of DJD of the hip is pain, which may occur in four places:

  • Groin
  • Outside the hip
  • Lower area of the back
  • Thigh to the knee (or below)

Pain from the hip is commonly mistaken for back pain, and may be treated as such until the diagnosis of DJD is made

Q. What causes the pain?

A. DJD of the hip is a loss of cartilage, or lining, of the hip joint. The cartilage serves as a cushion and allows for smooth movement of the hip.

When the cartilage wears away, the ball-and-socket bones touch, creating bone-on-bone contact. This contact creates pain from rubbing together, swelling, and stiffness.

Q. How can I manage my DJD?

A.
  • Maintain a healthy weight to reduce levels of painful swelling in the joints
  • Know your physical limitations and how to reduce activity when pain persists
  • Take medications prescribed by your doctor and be sure to follow the specific regimen exactly as prescribed
  • If advised, use assistive devices such as a walker or cane to put less stress on your joints
  • Maintain good posture to reduce the strain placed on your joints
  • Wear comfortable, properly fitting shoes that support your weight
  • Keep a positive outlook to help manage stress and maintain control of your treatment
  • Maintain a proactive role in managing your disease so that you can live as close to your normal lifestyle without aggravating you condition

Q. How is DJD treated?

A. For hip pain, non-surgical treatment options are often the first line of defense. This can include resting the hip from overuse, gentle exercise (such as swimming), or over the counter medicines to manage the pain.

If your symptoms aren't responding to non-surgical solutions, be sure to speak with your doctor. You may be a candidate for total hip replacement.

Q. What is total hip replacement?

A. Patient who have DJD may benefit from total hip replacement, also referred to as total hip arthroplasty. This is a surgical procedure in which the arthritic hip joint is replaced by implants, which include:

  • A metal cup with a plastic liner, which replaces the socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis
  • A metal femoral stem and head

The goal of total hip replacement is to increase mobility and ability to perform daily activities.