Providence Reconstructive Plastic Surgery

Reconstructive plastic surgery is meant to minimize any scarring that occurs due to a number of different causes. The goal is to make the site appear as consistent with the surrounding area as possible.

Reconstructive surgery involves fixing an abnormal body part or facial feature and reconstructing it to appear normal.

Reconstructive surgery may necessary because of:

  • Trauma
  • Birth defects
  • Infection
  • Developmental abnormalities
  • Tumors and disease

Reconstructive surgery is typically performed to improve function, to make a deformity appear more normal, or to alleviate health complications associated with the abnormality. Reconstructive surgery is covered by most health insurance policies, but coverage for specific procedures and levels of coverage vary.

Reconstructive surgery is often performed on cancer patients as well as on burn and accident victims. It may involve the rebuilding of severely fractured bones, as well as skin grafting. Reconstructive surgery includes such procedures as the reattachment of an amputated finger or toe, or implanting a prosthesis. Prostheses are artificial structures and materials that are used to replace missing limbs or teeth, or arthritic hip and knee joints.

In cancer patients, reconstructive surgery is done to restore the function as well as the appearance of the face and other parts of the body. The most commonly performed reconstructive surgeries of cancer patients are breast reconstruction, laceration repair, scar revision, and tumor removal.

The most challenging area of reconstructive surgery involves the structures of the face, neck, and jaw because trauma or cancer treatments often affect the patient's ability to see, eat, taste, swallow, speak, and hear, as well as his or her external appearance. The surgeon must try to retain as much sensation as possible when performing skin or bone grafts in the head and neck as well as recreate a reasonably normal appearance.