Disorders considered to be neurodevelopmental in origin or to have neurodevelopmental consequences when they occur in infancy and childhood include autism and autism spectrum disorders, such as Asperger’s syndrome; traumatic brain injury (including congenital injuries, such as those that cause cerebral palsy); communication, speech and language disorders; genetic disorders, such as fragile-X syndrome, Down syndrome and Rett syndrome; epilepsy; fetal alcohol syndrome; learning disorders; and neurological disorders.
Ataxia means without coordination. People with ataxia lose muscle control in their arms and legs. This may lead to a lack of balance, coordination and trouble walking. Ataxia may affect the fingers, hands, arms, legs, body, speech and even eye movements.
Brachial plexus palsy, also known as Erb's palsy, is a paralysis or weakness of the arm caused by an injury to one or more nerves that control and...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of non-progressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function, body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance.
A concussion can be caused by a direct blow to the head, neck, face or somewhere else on the body with the force being transmitted to the head. This may cause you to lose consciousness – be "knocked out" - but not always.
Developmental delays are present when a child does not demonstrate abilities and skills commonly found in other children in the same age group....
When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia and it can lead to aspiration—food or other material entering the airways or lungs.
Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...
Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that occurs when gastric acid from the stomach flows back up into the food pipe or esophagus. Heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD.
Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. Many things can cause impaired hearing, including tinnitus, presbycusis (age-related hearing loss), and hereditary causes, among others.
Symptoms and findings associated with the group of neuromuscular disorders formerly known as benign congenital hypotonia include low muscle tone...
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles; it causes the muscles in the body to become very weak.
Schizencephaly is an extremely rare developmental birth defect characterized by abnormal slits, or clefts, in the cerebral hemispheres of the brain.
Spina bifida is a is a type of neural tube birth defect that causes problems with the spine, spinal cord and the surrounding nerves. It can cause part of the spinal cord and areas around it to develop outside of the body.
Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.