The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...
Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.
What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...
Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).
Atypical eating disorders, or eating disorders not otherwise specified, is a diagnostic term used when many but not all the criteria are met for...
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) occur...
Cholecystitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the gallbladder. It happens when a digestive juice called bile gets trapped in your gallbladder.
Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time, for no obvious reason. It is a common problem that affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life.
Health advice for those with a dry cough, with little to no clear-white phlegm; or a wet cough, where there is yellow, green or brown phlegm.
Croup is a disease that causes swelling in the upper portion of the airway in the neck and problems breathing. Children with croup often have a high-pitched “creaking” or whistling sound when breathing in; this is called stridor.
Learn to identify the signs and symptoms of diaper rash - a skin problem caused by the skin staying wet, rubbing from the diaper, and contact with chemicals in the urine and stool, causing skin to look red, raw, scalded, or burned - and when you should call the doctor.
Diarrhea is the sudden increase in the frequency and looseness of bowel movements (BMs); mild diarrhea is the passage of a few loose or mushy BMs; severe diarrhea is the passage of many watery BMs.
Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that occurs when gastric acid from the stomach flows back up into the food pipe or esophagus. Heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD.
A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the muscle...
Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar (glucose) - the main source of fuel for the body.
Impetigo is a common bacterial infection of the skin that can appear on many parts of the body. It can happen to anyone, of any age, but is more common in children. For this reason, it used to be called "school sores."
A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the...
Intussusception is a serious problem in the intestine that occurs when one part of the intestine slides inside another part - the intestine then folds into itself like a telescope, creating a blockage or obstruction.
Lymphadenitis is the medical term for enlargement in one or more lymph nodes, usually due to infection.
Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges - the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord - and is usually caused by infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Mononucleosis (also called mono) is a contagious viral infection usually spread by contact with saliva -
often by kissing - which usually causes mild flu-like symptoms. Early symptoms include headache, nausea, tiredness and general muscle aching. This is followed by sore throat and fever.
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, often caused when the duct that connects the pancreas and gallbladder is blocked by a gallstone, and usually caused by heavy alcohol use, medications, trauma, certain medical procedures, viruses, and toxins.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. PID is caused by bacteria entering the reproductive organs through the cervix. When the cervix is infected, bacteria from the vagina can more easily get into and infect the uterus and fallopian tubes.
The inability to retract the foreskin (the skin covering the head of the penis (glans)) at birth is called congenital phimosis. It is a normal condition.
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.
Pneumothorax is a condition in which air in the lungs leaks into the chest cavity.
Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home by following the directions from a poison control center or your child's doctor. At other times, you may need emergency medical care.
Pyloric stenosis is narrowing of pylorus - the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. This can block the passage of food out of the stomach.
Healthy skin is a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means a change has affected the skin. Rashes generally...
Scarlet fever is an infection with streptococcal bacteria. These are the same bacteria that cause strep throat.
Scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine measuring 10 degrees or greater, with the spine looking like an "S" or "C." and making it look like the person is leaning to one side.
Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is a worrisome symptom and has many acute and chronic causes including asthma and COPD. You should see your health...
Detailed information on different types of skin infections, including bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic skin infections.
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. It is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition and happens in all age groups and both genders, although it is more common in men.
In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.