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Adrenal adenomas are common benign tumors on the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. The hormones produced by the...
Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart beats in an irregular pattern. It is caused by a problem in the heart's electrical pathways. It can be a sign of heart disease or other health problems that affect the heart.
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In bladder cancer, these...
Your body is constantly growing new cells to replace older ones. A tumor occurs when cells begin to grow abnormally and without control.
Learn how to become a proactive patient. Understand your treatment choices. Get the latest news on advances in cancer. If you or a loved one is...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of non-progressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function, body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance.
Bones or muscles of the chest wall can give rise to tumors. Approximately 60 percent of chest wall tumors are cancerous or malignant.
Chronic ischemic heart disease is a condition that causes reduced circulation of blood to the heart.
A concussion can be caused by a direct blow to the head, neck, face or somewhere else on the body with the force being transmitted to the head. This may cause you to lose consciousness – be "knocked out" - but not always.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited life-threatening disease that affects many organs. It causes changes in the electrolyte transport system causing cells to absorb too much sodium and water.
Dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, is when the heart chambers enlarge and lose their ability to contract. As the heart chamber widens, it becomes weak and does not contract well. Eventually, the heart can't pump as much blood forward as it normally would.
Learn what to do when you feels dizzy or woozy; like your head or the room is spinning or tilting.
Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...
The esophagus can be divided into thirds: top (proximal) or neck, middle or chest, and lower or abdominal. Esophageal cancer consists of mucous membrane cancer or adenocarcinomas most commonly, or squamous cell or epidermoid cancers. Adenocarcinomas can arise from pre-cancerous cells caused by heartburn or GERD.
Find ways to reduce injury and your risk of falling, slipping, tripping or losing your balance.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition, causing pain and tenderness in connective tissues, as well as muscle pain.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).
Learn what do do if you have an injury to the head, scalp, skull or brain.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...
A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The incidence of hip fractures increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 50. The majority of hip fractures happen to people older than age 60.
There are 2 types of kidney failure — acute and chronic - which happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).
When the lymph vessels are damaged, lymph fluid cannot drain from tissues, causing the lymph fluid to back up leading to swelling, heaviness, stiffness, or aching - most often in the arms or legs.
Different types of masses, both benign (non-spreading or invading) and cancerous (able to spread or invade), develop in the mediastinum. Because of their location in this critical area, even benign masses can cause serious issues. The type of problem a tumor or mass may cause depends on its specific location within the mediastinum.
A meningioma is a type of benign tumor that grows in the meninges, which are layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. Technically, a meningioma is not a brain tumor because it does not arise from brain tissue, but, it's often referred to as a brain tumor.
Mesothelioma, or malignant mesothelioma, is a rare kind of cancer. It starts in the mesothelium, a thin lining that protects the outer surface of some organs, including the lungs, stomach/abdominal space and chest wall.
Often an inherited condition, mitral valve prolapse means that the mitral valve - one of 4 valves in your heart that open and close to control the flow of blood - is loose or floppy.
Mitral valve regurgitation is when the mitral valve in the heart is leaky. It’s also known as mitral insufficiency.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles; it causes the muscles in the body to become very weak.
Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor, that grows in nerve tissue of babies and young children. In most cases, neuroblastoma starts in the adrenal glands or the nerve fibers in the abdomen or near the spine in the chest, neck or lower belly (pelvis).
Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that usually develops in the osteoblast cells that form bone. It happens most often in children, adolescents and young adults.
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart.
Progressive muscular atrophy is a rare type of ALS which affects only the lower motor neurons. (ALS affects both the upper and lower motor neurons.)
Many effective treatments are available
Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of a man’s prostate gland....
Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It's the most common type of cancer, and it's almost always cured when it is found early...
Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.
Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially...
Thoracic malignancies are a group of cancers of the chest that include lung cancer, mesothelioma, esophageal cancer, chest wall tumors, airway...
A thymoma is a tumor in the thymus gland. It is a rare, typically nonaggressive cancer that is occasionally found among people who have the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis.
Tracheal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the trachea.
In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.
When your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin, it is called type 2 diabetes - a chronic disease that has no known cure. It is the most common type of diabetes.
Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib) is a dangerous type of arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat. It affects your heart’s ventricles. Because sustained V-fib can lead to cardiac arrest and death, it requires immediate medical attention.