Diaphragmatic Hernia

Also known as: Bochdalek hernia, Morgagni hernia

An acquired diaphragmatic hernia is typically the result of progressive enlargement of normal passages through the diaphragm or, less commonly, the result of an injury or trauma, such as a fall, car accident, stab or gunshot wound.

A congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect that results in the abnormal development of the diaphragm. CDH are rare in adults. The two most common types of CDH are Bochdalek and Morgagni.

  • Bochdalek hernia involves the side and back of the diaphragm. The stomach, liver, spleen, or intestines move into the chest cavity.
  • Morgagni hernia involves the front part of the diaphragm. The liver or intestines move up into the chest cavity.