Related Conditions


Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

Adverse effects of anticoagulants

Patients taking blood thinners may experience difficulty with management of their dose or dealing with the bleeding side-effects of treatment.


Arthralgia is pain in a joint. A joint is the point at which two bones are connected. Many joints provide support and stability and allow movement,...


Partial or full collapse of a lung is called atelectasis. This can cause a drop in oxygen levels.


Atheroembolism is ischemia resulting from existing arterial disease which may be unstable.

Bile duct strictures

Bile duct strictures are narrowed areas of the bile ducts that can be either benign or malignant (cancerous). People with bile duct strictures...

Buerger’s disease

Buerger's disease, also known as thromboangiitis obliterans, is a rare disorder that, in most cases, affects young or middle-aged male cigarette...

Calluses and Corns

Calluses develop as a normal response to chronic excessive friction and pressure. They are protective pads made up of a thickened upper layer of skin.

Skin Infections

Detailed information on different types of skin infections, including bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic skin infections.

Chest Pain

Learn what to do if you experience uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or other pain in the chest, including the area from the collar-bone to the bottom of the rib cage.


Cholecystitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the gallbladder. It happens when a digestive juice called bile gets trapped in your gallbladder.

Chronic limb ischemia

Chronic limb ischemia is long standing pain in the legs or arms due to poor circulation, such as in advanced peripheral artery disease.


Claudication is pain in your thigh, calf or buttocks that happens when you walk. It can make you limp. It may be a symptom of peripheral artery disease (PAD) - when narrowed or blocked arteries reduce the blood flow to your legs.

Diabetic Retinopathy

High blood sugar can damage blood vessels of the retina and cause them to leak or bleed. This damage can lead to abnormal blood vessel growth. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms include floaters, blurred vision or poor night vision.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, is when the heart chambers enlarge and lose their ability to contract. As the heart chamber widens, it becomes weak and does not contract well. Eventually, the heart can't pump as much blood forward as it normally would.

Drug-induced lung disease

Drug-induced lung disease is lung disease or respiratory illness caused by a bad reaction to a medication. These reactions may directly or...


Pulmonary emphysema, known as emphysema, is a chronic lung condition in which the air sacs (alveoli) may be collapsed, destroyed, narrowed, overinflated or stretched.


An empyema is an infection in fluid that can build up around the lung.

Erythema ab igne

Erythema ab igne is skin hyperpigmentation associated with repeated exposures to moderate heat or infrared radiation.

Esophageal Stricture

Non-cancerous stricture is an area of narrowing caused by scarring in the esophagus, the tube-shaped muscle that connects the mouth to the stomach. Narrowing can range from mild to complete blockage.

The most common blockage is narrowing caused by locally growing and invading esophageal cancer. However, if you have esophageal stricture, it does not necessarily mean you have esophageal cancer.

External iliac artery endofibrosis

External iliac artery endofibrosis is artery damage often seen in those who sit for prolonged periods of time with repeated trauma to their groin...

Eye problems with vision changes

Vision changes that occur gradually over time or that seem to come and go are usually less serious than changes that occur suddenly and persist....

Factor V Leiden mutation

Some people are born with an increased tendency to form blood clots, which increases their risk for developing blood clots in the legs (deep vein...


Gastritis is when your stomach lining gets red and swollen (inflamed).


Gastroparesis is a stomach disorder. It happens when your stomach takes too long to empty out food.

Glucose intolerance

Prediabetes is a term that is used when you are at risk for Type 2 diabetes. It means that your blood sugar is higher than it should be. Most...


Gout is an inflammation of a joint due to a build-up of gout crystals in the joint fluid, which occurs when there is an excess of uric acid (a normal blood waste product filtered by the kidneys) in the body.


Hemoptysis is coughing up or spitting up blood.

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

Patients exposed to heparin blood thinner products can potentially develop a reaction that causes clots. This is often associated with a...

Hypothenar hammer syndrome

Hypothenar hammer syndrome is artery damage in the hands caused by exposing the hand to repeated trauma. This condition may be seen in athletes...


Impetigo is a common bacterial infection of the skin that can appear on many parts of the body. It can happen to anyone, of any age, but is more common in children. For this reason, it used to be called "school sores."

Infectious arthritis

Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints that occurs as a result of infection by bacteria, viruses or, less frequently, fungi...


Intussusception is a serious problem in the intestine that occurs when one part of the intestine slides inside another part - the intestine then folds into itself like a telescope, creating a blockage or obstruction.


A keloid is a thick scar that can develop after curettage treatment. A keloid can be itchy or grow larger over time but it doesn't require medical...


Lipedema is swelling of the leg that is primarily composed of fatty tissue.

Lupus anticoagulant

Lupus anticoagulant is a blood disorder that could predispose a patient to an increased risk for blood clots.


A parasite causes malaria; a bite from an infected Anopheles mosquito passes the parasite to humans. After the parasites enter the body by a mosquito bite, they disappear from the circulating blood within an hour and gather in the liver. After several days, infected red blood cells (RBCs) emerge from the liver and infect other RBCs.

May-Thurner syndrome

A natural variant of anatomy may predispose patients with May-Thurner syndrome to have a compression of their leg veins, which can lead to venous...

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, called MGUS, is a condition which involves the immune arm of the body white blood cells. These...

MTHFR mutation

MTHFR is the symbol for the gene methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (NAD(P)H). This mutation is a genetic change associated with an increased risk...

Occupational and other respiratory diseases

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be...

Painful bladder syndrome

Painful bladder syndrome is a chronic, painful inflammatory condition of the bladder wall characterized by pressure and pain above the pubic area...

Pancreatic cystic lesions

Cysts within the pancreas are commonly found during imaging studies with ultrasound, CT or MRI. Most people in whom pancreatic cysts are found do...

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. PID is caused by bacteria entering the reproductive organs through the cervix. When the cervix is infected, bacteria from the vagina can more easily get into and infect the uterus and fallopian tubes.


Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart.

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD and it may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart including the arteries, veins or lymphatic vessels.


The inability to retract the foreskin (the skin covering the head of the penis (glans)) at birth is called congenital phimosis. It is a normal condition.

Placental Abruption

Placental abruption is when the placenta pulls away from where it is attached to the uterus; it occurs late in pregnancy - after about 20 weeks.

Pleural Effusion

If you have pleurisy, the lining around your lungs is inflamed. This is most often due to a viral infection or pneumonia.


Pneumothorax is a condition in which air in the lungs leaks into the chest cavity.

Popliteal artery aneurysm

Popliteal artery aneurysm is an abnormal swelling of the popliteal artery in the leg, which can be associated with leg pain or loss of circulation.

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is caused by natural variant of anatomy which leads to compression of the popliteal artery. This...

Primary myelofibrosis

Primary myelofibrosis is a rare bone marrow disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in blood cell production (hematopoiesis) and scarring...

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an inflammatory disease that results in scarring of the bile ducts. It is presumed to be due to a disorder...

Prothrombin gene mutation

Prothrombin gene mutation is a common genetic mutation that may predispose a patient to develop venous blood clots.


Pseudoaneurysm is swelling in the wall of an artery that does not involve the entire circumference. This condition is often found after having had...


Psoriasis is an inflammatory condition that affects the skin and nails. You may have patches of thick, red skin (plaques) covered with silvery scales. These often appear on the elbows, knees, legs, lower back, and scalp.

Pulmonary Embolism

A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel elsewhere in the body (most commonly from the leg), travels to an artery in the lung, and forms an occlusion (blockage) of the artery.

Respiratory disorders related to neurological diseases

Certain neurological diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), can have respiratory complications including dysfunction of...

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity is an eye problem that happens to premature babies. It occurs in stages and can cause bleeding and scarring throughout the retina; a detached retina can cause loss of eyesight.


Rosacea is a long-lasting (chronic) skin condition affecting the face. In the early stages it causes easy flushing or blushing. It looks like a bad case of acne, and has been called adult acne.


Spondylosis is degeneration of the spine.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

A subarachnoid hemorrhage means that there is bleeding in the space that surrounds the brain; most often, it occurs when a weak area in a blood vessel (aneurysm) on the surface of the brain bursts and leaks. Increasing pressure on the brain can cause brain cell damage, life-long complications and disabilities.

Superficial thrombophlebitis

Superficial phlebitis occurs when a blood clot and inflammation develop in a small vein near the surface of the skin.

Supraventricular Tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) are a group of abnormally fast heart rhythms; types of SVT include atrial fibrillation (A-fib) and atrial flutter.

Valvular disorders

Valvular disorders include aortic valve regurgitation, aortic valve stenosis, mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis.

Vascular disorders

Vascular disorders affect the supply of blood to the brain, spinal cord, or blood vessels in the head. Examples of vascular disorders that can lead...

Volvulus of intestine

A bowel obstruction happens when either your small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked. The blockage prevents food, fluids, and gas...