Related Conditions

Achalasia

Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. It is characterized by enlargement of the...

Acne

Acne is a skin problem that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Acne can range from mild to severe acne, which can mean...

Adverse effects of anticoagulants

Patients taking blood thinners may experience difficulty with management of their dose or dealing with the bleeding side-effects of treatment.

Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is a disorder characterized by loss of hair. Sometimes, this means simply a few bare patches on the scalp. In other cases, hair...

Angina

Angina is a type of chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood flow to the heart. This is often a result of narrowing of the blood...

Antiphospholipid syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by recurring blood clots (thromboses). Blood clots can form in any...

Arthralgia

Arthralgia is pain in a joint. A joint is the point at which two bones are connected. Many joints provide support and stability and allow movement,...

Atelectasis

Atelectasis is an area of the lung that is not completely inflated. In atelectasis in newborns (fetal atelectasis), the lungs do not expand...

Atheroembolism

Atheroembolism is ischemia resulting from existing arterial disease which may be unstable.

Atrial septal defect (ASD)

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a group of rare disorders of the heart that are present at birth (congenital) and involve a hole in the wall...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the...

Berylliosis

Berylliosis is a form of metal poisoning caused by inhalation of beryllium dusts, vapors, or its compounds or implantation of the substance in the...

Bile duct strictures

Bile duct strictures are narrowed areas of the bile ducts that can be either benign or malignant (cancerous). People with bile duct strictures...

Bladder prolapse

Two common forms of pelvic organ prolapse are bladder prolapse (cystocele) and urethral prolapse (urethrocele). A cystocele occurs when the wall...

Bleeding/clotting disorders and rare blood diseases

Some people are born with an increased tendency to form blood clots, which increases their risk for developing blood clots in the legs (deep vein...

Buerger’s disease

Buerger's disease, also known as thromboangiitis obliterans, is a rare disorder that, in most cases, affects young or middle-aged male cigarette...

Calluses and corns

Calluses and corns are areas of thick, hardened, dead skin. They form to protect the skin and structures under the skin from pressure, friction,...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a skin infection caused by bacteria. Normally, your skin helps protect you from infection. But if you have a cut, sore, or insect...

Cervical osteoarthritis

Cervical spondylosis is a term used to describe the changes to the bones (vertebrae), joints and discs of the neck (cervical spine) as a result of...

Chest pain

Chest discomfort or pain is a key warning symptom of a heart attack. If you have any of symptoms of a heart attack, call 911 immediately. Most...

Chilblains

Chilblains (perniosis, also known as pernio) is a reaction to cold, nonfreezing temperatures. It is seen most often in young people who have...

Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, a small organ near the liver that plays a part in digesting food. Normally, fluid called bile...

Chronic limb ischemia

Chronic limb ischemia is long standing pain in the legs or arms due to poor circulation, such as in advanced peripheral artery disease.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) accounts of about 20 percent of all leukemias affecting adults. It typically affects middle-aged individuals and...

Claudication

Intermittent claudication is a tight, aching, or squeezing pain in the calf, foot, thigh, or buttock that occurs during exercise, such as walking...

Cornea disorders

The corneal dystrophies comprise a group of inherited, usually progressive disorders affecting the cornea (outer clear layer of the eyeball). They...

Cystic disease

Medullary cystic kidney disease/nephronophthisis describes a number of different conditions that have the following features in common:  ...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot (thrombus) in a deep vein, usually in the legs. Clots can form in superficial veins and in deep...

Diabetic retinopathy

Retinopathy is a disease of the retina. The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of your eye. It is the part of your eye that “takes...

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition that weakens your heart muscle and causes it to stretch, or dilate. When your heart muscle is weak,...

Drug-induced lung disease

Drug-induced lung disease is lung disease or respiratory illness caused by a bad reaction to a medication. These reactions may directly or...

Eczema, atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, sometimes called eczema, is a skin problem that causes dry skin, intense itching, and then a red, raised rash. It's most common...

Emphysema

Emphysema is a long-term (chronic), irreversible lung disease that occurs when the tiny air sacs in the lungs are damaged, usually as a result of...

Empyema

Empyema is an infection accompianied by pus formation in the space between the lung and the chest wall.

Endocarditis

Endocarditis is an infection of the heart's valves or its inner lining (endocardium). It is most common in people who have a damaged, diseased, or...

Erythema ab igne

Erythema ab igne is skin hyperpigmentation associated with repeated exposures to moderate heat or infrared radiation.

Erythromelalgia

Erythromelalgia is a rare condition that primarily affects the feet and, less commonly, the hands (extremities). It is characterized by intense,...

Esophageal strictures

Esophageal strictures are narrowed areas of the esophagus that can be due to benign or malignant (cancerous) disease. The primary symptom of...

External iliac artery endofibrosis

External iliac artery endofibrosis is artery damage often seen in those who sit for prolonged periods of time with repeated trauma to their groin...

Eye problems with vision changes

Vision changes that occur gradually over time or that seem to come and go are usually less serious than changes that occur suddenly and persist....

Factor V Leiden mutation

Some people are born with an increased tendency to form blood clots, which increases their risk for developing blood clots in the legs (deep vein...

Fibromuscular dysplasia

Fibromuscular dysplasia, commonly called FMD, is a disease that causes one or more arteries in the body to have abnormal cell development in the...

Fistula

A fistula is a passage or hole that has formed between: Two organs in your body. An organ in your body and your skin. A fistula that...

Flatfoot

Flatfoot (pes planus) is a condition in which the longitudinal arch in the foot, which runs lengthwise along the sole of the foot, has not...

Gastritis

Chronic, Erosive Gastritis is characterized by many inflamed lesions in the mucous lining of the stomach. It may be a transitory or a chronic...

Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis is a disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty after eating. The delay results in bothersome and possibly serious...

Genetic disorders

Genetic disorders are diseases that can be passed from parents to children. Some disorders may be inherited if only one parent has the abnormal...

Glucose intolerance

Prediabetes is a term that is used when you are at risk for Type 2 diabetes. It means that your blood sugar is higher than it should be. Most...

Gout

Gout is an inflammatory joint disease that causes acute pain and swelling. It is a form of arthritis that develops when uric acid crystals form in...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

Hemoglobin A1c

Hemoglobin A1c is a test that shows the average level of blood sugar over the past two to three months. People with diabetes need to have this test...

Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a rare genetic bleeding disorder. It runs in families and is almost always seen in males. Hemophilia occurs when blood clotting...

Hemoptysis

Hemoptysis is coughing up or spitting up blood.

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

Patients exposed to heparin blood thinner products can potentially develop a reaction that causes clots. This is often associated with a...

Hypoalbuminemia

Albumin is a protein that is produced in the liver and released into the blood. It helps prevent blood from leaking out of blood vessels, carries...

Hypothenar hammer syndrome

Hypothenar hammer syndrome is artery damage in the hands caused by exposing the hand to repeated trauma. This condition may be seen in athletes...

Hypoventilation and hyperventilation syndromes

Hypoventilation syndrome Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder of respiratory control with autonomic nervous...

Immunodeficiency

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, the body’s natural defense system. Without a strong immune system,...

Impetigo

Impetigo (say "im-puh-TY-go") is a bacterial skin infection. It causes red sores that can break open, ooze fluid, and develop a yellow-brown crust....

Infectious arthritis

Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints that occurs as a result of infection by bacteria, viruses or, less frequently, fungi...

Interstitial lung disease (ILD)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an inflammatory lung disorder of unknown origin (idiopathic) characterized by abnormal formation of fibrous tissue...

Intussusception

Intussusception means that one part of the intestine has folded into itself, like a telescope. This can happen anywhere along the intestinal tract....

Japanese encephalitis

There are seventeen spieces of birds that are the known carriers of and transmit West Nile Encephalitis (WNE) to humans via the Culex, Aedes and...

Keloids

A keloid is a thick scar that can develop after curettage treatment. A keloid can be itchy or grow larger over time but it doesn't require medical...

Klippel-Tr?naunay syndrome

Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare disorder that is present at birth (congenital) and is characterized by a triad of cutaneous capillary...

Lipedema

Lipedema is swelling of the leg that is primarily composed of fatty tissue.

Lupus anticoagulant

Lupus anticoagulant is a blood disorder that could predispose a patient to an increased risk for blood clots.

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare progressive multisystem disorder that predominantly affects women of childbearing age. It occurs in women...

Malaria

Malaria is a communicable parasitic disorder spread through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Major symptoms may vary depending on which species...

May-Thurner syndrome

A natural variant of anatomy may predispose patients with May-Thurner syndrome to have a compression of their leg veins, which can lead to venous...

Mitral valve disease

Mitral valve stenosis is a heart problem in which the mitral valve doesn't open as wide as it should. It is a lifelong disease. When you first...

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, called MGUS, is a condition which involves the immune arm of the body white blood cells. These...

MTHFR mutation

MTHFR is the symbol for the gene methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (NAD(P)H). This mutation is a genetic change associated with an increased risk...

Myelodysplastic syndromes

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders that occur as a result of disordered development of blood cells within the bone...

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. Myocarditis may occur after a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection, such as diphtheria, rheumatic...

Nonepileptic events

People with nonepileptic seizures (NES) have periods of seizure-like activity. NES are characterized by a loss of or change in physical function...

Occupational and other respiratory diseases

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be...

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is the overstimulation of the ovaries that may occur as a result of assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART...

Painful bladder syndrome

Painful bladder syndrome is a chronic, painful inflammatory condition of the bladder wall characterized by pressure and pain above the pubic area...

Pancreatic cystic lesions

Cysts within the pancreas are commonly found during imaging studies with ultrasound, CT or MRI. Most people in whom pancreatic cysts are found do...

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. PID is caused by bacteria entering the reproductive organs...

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a swelling and irritation of the pericardium, which is the sac that surrounds your heart. Most of the time the cause is either...

Peripheral vascular disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to a variety of conditions that primarily affect the arteries of the body, with the exception of the...

Phimosis

Phimosis is a tightening of the foreskin that normally folds over the penis. This tightening may squeeze the penis, which may swell until it cuts...

Pigmented lesions

Colored skin spots, also called pigmented lesions, can include freckles, moles or flesh-colored skin spots.

Placental abruption

Placenta abruptio is a problem with the placenta during pregnancy. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms during pregnancy to give the baby...

Pleurisy

Pleurisy is swelling (inflammation) of the thin layers of tissue (pleura) covering the lungs and the chest wall. The outer layer of the...

Pneumothorax

A collapsed lung (pneumothorax) is a buildup of air in the space between the lung and the chest wall (pleural space). As the amount of air in this...

Popliteal artery aneurysm

Popliteal artery aneurysm is an abnormal swelling of the popliteal artery in the leg, which can be associated with leg pain or loss of circulation.

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is caused by natural variant of anatomy which leads to compression of the popliteal artery. This...

Post-thrombotic syndrome

Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or deep vein blood clot. After a while, this blood clot...

Preeclampsia

Blood pressure is a measure of how hard your blood pushes against the walls of your arteries. If the force is too hard, you have high blood...

Primary myelofibrosis

Primary myelofibrosis is a rare bone marrow disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in blood cell production (hematopoiesis) and scarring...

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an inflammatory disease that results in scarring of the bile ducts. It is presumed to be due to a disorder...

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare degenerative neurological disorder characterized by loss of balance and impaired walking; loss of...

Prothrombin gene mutation

Prothrombin gene mutation is a common genetic mutation that may predispose a patient to develop venous blood clots.

Pseudoaneurysm

Pseudoaneurysm is swelling in the wall of an artery that does not involve the entire circumference. This condition is often found after having had...

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry, reddish (erythematous), thickened patches of skin that are covered with...

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is the buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually resulting from the heart's inability to pump blood through the body effectively. It...

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot. In most cases, the clots are small...

Pulmonary hypertension

Primary pulmonary hypertension is a rare, progressive disorder characterized by high blood pressure (hypertension) of the main artery of the lungs...

Raynaud’s phenomenon

Raynaud's phenomenon is a problem with blood flow. Your body doesn't send enough blood to your hands and feet, so they feel very cold and numb. In...

Respiratory disorders related to neurological diseases

Certain neurological diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), can have respiratory complications including dysfunction of...

Retinopathy of prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding disease affecting the retinas in premature infants. The retinas are the light-sensitive...

Rosacea

Rosacea (say “roh-ZAY-sha”) is a skin disease that causes redness and pimples on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead.  It can also cause burning...

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that most often affects individuals between 20 and 40 years of age. Females appear to be affected more...

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis is a defect or fracture of one or both of the wing-shaped parts of a vertebra. These "wings" help keep the vertebrae in place. When a...

Spondylosis

Spondylosis is degeneration of the spine.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

A subarachnoid hemorrhage is the bursting of a blood vessel in the brain. This results in sudden bleeding into the space between the middle lining...

Superficial thrombophlebitis

Superficial phlebitis occurs when a blood clot and inflammation develop in a small vein near the surface of the skin.

Supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) means that from time to time your heart beats very fast for a reason other than exercise, high fever, or stress....

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation in a vein in an area where a blood clot has formed. Often the term thrombophlebitis is shortened to "phlebitis."...

Torsion of a testicle

Torsion of a testicle is a condition in which the blood supply to the testicle is cut off. This occurs when a testicle twists on the spermatic...

Typhoid

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that is rare in the United States. However, it is not rare in many other countries. Major symptoms may...

Valvular disorders

Valvular disorders include aortic valve regurgitation, aortic valve stenosis, mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis.

Vascular disorders

Vascular disorders affect the supply of blood to the brain, spinal cord, or blood vessels in the head. Examples of vascular disorders that can lead...

Vascular dementia

Vascular (or multi-infarct) dementia refers to a decline in a person's mental abilities that results from a series of strokes. A stroke occurs when...

Venous insufficiency

Venous insufficiency occurs when the veins in the legs do not return blood to the heart and upper body normally. Causes include long-term high...

Volvulus of intestine

A bowel obstruction happens when either your small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked. The blockage prevents food, fluids, and gas...

Venous skin ulcer

A skin ulcer is a type of wound that develops on the skin. A venous skin ulcer is a shallow wound that occurs when the leg veins don't return blood...

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is an abnormal electrical connection (or bypass tract) between the atria and ventricles of the heart. The bypass...