Resection/recession strabismus repair

Also known as: Strambismus, crossed-eyes, walleyes, quint

Strabismus is a vision problem in which both eyes do not look at the same point at the same time. It usually develops during childhood.

Normally, the muscles attached to each eye work together to move both eyes in the same direction at the same time. Strabismus occurs when the eye muscles do not work properly to control eye movement. Often the cause is not known. Causes may include farsightedness, head injury, and muscle and nerve disorders that weaken or damage the muscles that control eye movement.

Without treatment, strabismus can cause permanent vision problems. Not using one eye can also lead to poor vision in that eye (called lazy eye or amblyopia).

Surgery is often the only way to align the eyes and improve vision in children who have strabismus. During surgery, the doctor loosens or tightens the muscles attached to the eye by changing their length or position. Changing the pull of the muscles can bring the eyes back into line with each other. A child may need more than one surgery to realign the eyes and improve vision and may have to start or continue wearing glasses after the surgery.

Because early treatment is important to correct strabismus, surgery in children younger than age 2 is not unusual. And surgery for strabismus can be done as early as 3 months of age in serious cases, particularly if the strabismus is detected early. But the effectiveness of surgery in children younger than 6 months is controversial because, although rare, strabismus in very young children sometimes disappears on its own as development continues