Related Conditions

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm (say “a-OR-tik AN-yuh-rih-zum”) is a bulge in a section of the aorta, the body’s main artery. The aorta carries oxygen-rich...

Aortic valve stenosis

The heart has four chambers. In the lower left chamber (left ventricle), the aortic valve works like a one-way gate. When the heart pumps, the...

Blood clots

A blood clot (a clump of blood) that forms in a vein and causes inflammation is called thrombophlebitis. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, warmth,...

Carotid artery disease

The carotid artery travels up each side of the neck and branches into smaller vessels that supply blood to the brain. Blood flowing through the...

Amputee

Amputations are done when efforts to save the foot or leg are unsuccessful or the infection is causing extensive tissue damage. In all cases,...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot (thrombus) in a deep vein, usually in the legs. Clots can form in superficial veins and in deep...

High blood pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition in which the force of blood against artery walls is too strong. Over time, high blood pressure...

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is an important type of fat (lipid) that is made by the body and is necessary for it to function. It also is found in foods that are...

Diabetic neuropathy

Neuropathy means nerve disease or damage. Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by diabetes. People with diabetes often have high blood sugar...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

A small opening between the two atria (foramen ovale) is present at birth. Shortly after birth, the atrial septum gradually grows and seals this...

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot. In most cases, the clots are small...

Renal artery disease

Renal artery disease is a narrowed or blocked renal artery. The renal artery carries blood to the kidneys.

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation in a vein in an area where a blood clot has formed. Often the term thrombophlebitis is shortened to "phlebitis."...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die....

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long. A TIA...

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins near the surface of the skin. They are most common in the legs and ankles. They usually aren't serious,...

Valvular disorders

Valvular disorders include aortic valve regurgitation, aortic valve stenosis, mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis.

Diabetic wounds

Diabetes can affect the body's immune system, impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection, stay in the infected...