Related Conditions

Achilles tendon and tendonitis

What is Achilles tendonitis? The Achilles tendon is a long tendon in the back of the leg that connects the calf muscle to the heel. Achilles...

ACL and ACL injury

What is ACL injury? The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a band of tough, fibrous tissue that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone...

Acute and chronic pain

Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of...

Frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is stiffness, pain and limited range of movement in your shoulder  that may follow an injury. The tissues...

Age-related macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is a disease that causes blurring of the central vision. The blurring happens because of damage to the macula, a small area at...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease in which certain nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord slowly die. These nerve cells are...

Toe, foot and ankle injuries

At one time or another, everyone has had a minor toe, foot, or ankle injury that caused pain or swelling. Most of the time our body movements do...

Aphasia

Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and comprehension. Aphasia leaves a person unable to communicate effectively with others.

Back and Neck Pain

Back or neck pain can range from a mild, dull, annoying ache, to persistent, severe disabling pain that can restrict mobility and interfere with your quality of life.You should always consult your health care provider if you have persistent pain.

Respiratory failure, acute and chronic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Communication, speech and language disorders

A child's failure to reach speech and language milestones as expected may be a "red flag," or warning, indicating a speech and language...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

De Quervain's disease

De Quervain's disease is swelling and inflammation of the tendons and the tendon sheath on the thumb side of the wrist.

Dysphagia

When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia and it can lead to aspiration—food or other material entering the airways or lungs.

Dizziness

Learn what to do when you feels dizzy or woozy; like your head or the room is spinning or tilting.

Dupuytren's disease

The disease causes tissue under the skin of the palm of your hand to thicken and shorten. This can pull and bend the fingers in toward the palm....

Fall Prevention

Find ways to reduce injury and your risk of falling, slipping, tripping or losing your balance.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare nerve disorder that occurs when the body's own defenses (immune system) attack part of the peripheral...

Head Injury

Learn what do do if you have an injury to the head, scalp, skull or brain.

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. Many things can cause impaired hearing, including tinnitus, presbycusis (age-related hearing loss), and hereditary causes, among others.

Hip Fracture

A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The incidence of hip fractures increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 50. The majority of hip fractures happen to people older than age 60.

Urinary incontinence in men

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine. It may be related to infection, problems with the nerves and muscles of...

Urinary incontinence in women

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine. It may be related to infection, problems with the nerves and muscles of...

Knee injuries

Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Most of the time our body movements do not cause problems, but it's not...

Lymphedema

When the lymph vessels are damaged, lymph fluid cannot drain from tissues, causing the lymph fluid to back up leading to swelling, heaviness, stiffness, or aching - most often in the arms or legs.

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Meniscal tear

A meniscus tear is a common injury that damages the rubbery cushion of the knee joint. This tissue is made of two disks, which are called the...

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Some older people have greater memory and cognitive difficulties than do those undergoing normal aging, but their symptoms are not so severe as to...

Motor development delay

A motor skill is the ability to move your body to carry out a task. Motor skills require the brain, nerves, skeleton, joints and muscles to work...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (also called degenerative joint disease) happens when the cartilage in a joint becomes damaged and worn, usually due to age, wear and tear, overuse of the joint, or other problems.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones - most often affected are the hips, spine and wrists - leaving them at greater risk of breaking.

Anterior knee pain

What is anterior knee pain? Anterior knee pain (also called patellofemoral syndrome or runner’s knee) occurs on the front of the knee or...

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is a common problem among women. Its nature and intensity may fluctuate, and its cause is often unclear.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a painful swelling of the plantar fascia - a thick, fibrous layer of tissue that covers the bones on the bottom of your foot and supports the foot bones in an arched position.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammation of the membranes or tissues lining the joints. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis may destroy the joint...

Rotator cuff tear

A torn rotator cuff tendon is damage to one or more of the four tendons that cover the shoulder joint. These tendons connect the rotator cuff...

Herniated disk

The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small, spongy disks. When these disks are healthy, they act as shock...

Sciatica

Sciatica is pain caused by irritation or pressure against the nerve roots of the sciatic nerve. People with sciatica usually have a shooting pain...

Shoulder fracture

A fractured shoulder may involve a broken collarbone (clavicle), shoulder blade (scapula), upper arm (humerus), or the shoulder cup (glenoid). This...

Shoulder injuries

Minor shoulder problems, such as sore muscles and aches and pains, are common. Shoulder problems develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, or...

Spinal cord injury

A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is a soft bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brain to the lower...

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal caused by excessive bone growth, thickening of tissue in the canal (such as ligaments or...

Sprain/strain: ankle

Most people have twisted an ankle at some point in their life. If your ankle gets swollen and painful after you twist it, it may be sprained. This...

Sprain/strain: neck

An injury to the ligaments or muscles in the neck could be a sprain or strain. When neck pain is caused by muscle strain, you may have aches and...

Sprain/strain: shoulder/arm

Sprains are injuries to the tough ropelike fibers (ligaments) that connect bone to bone. If you have a severe sprain, your symptoms may not be much...

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition, causing pain and tenderness in connective tissues, as well as muscle pain.

Finger, hand and wrist injuries

At one time or another, everyone has had a minor injury to a finger, hand or wrist that caused pain or swelling. Most of the time our body...

Sprains

Sprains are injuries to the tough ropelike fibers (ligaments) that connect bone to bone. If you have a severe sprain, your symptoms may not be much...

Synovitis/tenosynovitis

Synovitis is the inflammation of a synovial (joint-lining) membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by...

Tendinitis

Tendinopathy describes two conditions that are likely to occur together: tendon inflammation, known as tendinitis, and tiny tears in the connective...

Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow is a condition in which tendon damage causes pain or soreness around the outside part of the elbow known as the lateral epicondyle....

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long. A TIA...

Concussion

A concussion can be caused by a direct blow to the head, neck, face or somewhere else on the body with the force being transmitted to the head. This may cause you to lose consciousness – be "knocked out" - but not always.

Trigger finger

Trigger finger and trigger thumb are conditions in which a person finds it difficult to bend or straighten the finger or thumb. It can feel as if...

Voice disorders

Voice problems usually include pain or discomfort when you speak or difficulty controlling the pitch, loudness, or quality of your voice. As you...