Related Conditions

Achilles tendon injuries

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. It lets you rise up on your toes and push off when you walk or run. What are...

ACL injury

An anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, injury is a tear in one of the knee ligaments that joins the upper leg bone with the lower leg bone. The ACL...

Acute and chronic pain

Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of...

Frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is stiffness, pain and limited range of movement in your shoulder  that may follow an injury. The tissues...

Age-related macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is a disease that causes blurring of the central vision. The blurring happens because of damage to the macula, a small area at...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease in which certain nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord slowly die. These nerve cells are...

Toe, foot and ankle injuries

At one time or another, everyone has had a minor toe, foot, or ankle injury that caused pain or swelling. Most of the time our body movements do...

Aphasia

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is characterized by the loss of comprehension and expression of verbal language (aphasia) in association with...

Back and neck pain

Most people have back and neck pain from time to time. Some people have ongoing pain that gets in the way of their everyday activities. Either way,...

Respiratory failure, acute and chronic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Communication, speech and language disorders

A child's failure to reach speech and language milestones as expected may be a "red flag," or warning, indicating a speech and language...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

De Quervain's disease

De Quervain's disease is swelling and inflammation of the tendons and the tendon sheath on the thumb side of the wrist.

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is usually a sign of a problem with your throat or esophagus—the muscular tube that moves food...

Dizziness

Dizziness is a word that is often used to describe two different feelings. It is important to know exactly what you mean when you say "I feel...

Dupuytren's disease

The disease causes tissue under the skin of the palm of your hand to thicken and shorten. This can pull and bend the fingers in toward the palm....

Fall prevention

Injuries from falls may be more likely among older adults and in people who have had a stroke or have multiple sclerosis or osteoporosis.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare nerve disorder that occurs when the body's own defenses (immune system) attack part of the peripheral...

Head injury

Most injuries to the head are minor. Bumps, cuts, and scrapes on the head and face usually heal well and can be treated the same as injuries to...

Hearing loss

Hearing loss is a sudden or gradual decrease in how well you can hear. Depending on the cause, it can range from mild to severe and can be...

Hip fracture

A hip fracture is more than a broken bone. If you are older, breaking your hip can mean a major change in your life. You will likely need surgery,...

Urinary incontinence in men

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine. It may be related to infection, problems with the nerves and muscles of...

Urinary incontinence in women

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine. It may be related to infection, problems with the nerves and muscles of...

Knee injuries

Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Most of the time our body movements do not cause problems, but it's not...

Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a collection of fluid that causes swelling (edema) in the arms and legs.

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Meniscal tear

A meniscus tear is a common injury that damages the rubbery cushion of the knee joint. This tissue is made of two disks, which are called the...

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Some older people have greater memory and cognitive difficulties than do those undergoing normal aging, but their symptoms are not so severe as to...

Motor development delay

A motor skill is the ability to move your body to carry out a task. Motor skills require the brain, nerves, skeleton, joints and muscles to work...

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, often called MS, is a disease that affects the central nervous system—the brain and spinal cord. It can cause problems with...

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilage that protects and cushions the joints breaks down over time. Eventually, the bones—formerly...

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a progressive disease that causes bones to become thin and brittle, making them more likely to break. Both women and men are more...

Runner's knee

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is pain in the front of the knee. It may be caused by overuse, injury, excess weight, an improperly aligned kneecap,...

Pelvic pain

Female pelvic pain is pain below a woman’s belly button. It is considered chronic, which means long-lasting, if you have had it for at least six...

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis occurs when the long, flat ligament on the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia) stretches irregularly and develops small tears...

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammation of the membranes or tissues lining the joints. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis may destroy the joint...

Rotator cuff tear

A torn rotator cuff tendon is damage to one or more of the four tendons that cover the shoulder joint. These tendons connect the rotator cuff...

Herniated disk

The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small, spongy disks. When these disks are healthy, they act as shock...

Sciatica

Sciatica is pain caused by irritation or pressure against the nerve roots of the sciatic nerve. People with sciatica usually have a shooting pain...

Shoulder fracture

A fractured shoulder may involve a broken collarbone (clavicle), shoulder blade (scapula), upper arm (humerus), or the shoulder cup (glenoid). This...

Shoulder injuries

Minor shoulder problems, such as sore muscles and aches and pains, are common. Shoulder problems develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, or...

Spinal cord injury

A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is a soft bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brain to the lower...

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal caused by excessive bone growth, thickening of tissue in the canal (such as ligaments or...

Sprain/strain: ankle

Most people have twisted an ankle at some point in their life. If your ankle gets swollen and painful after you twist it, it may be sprained. This...

Sprain/strain: neck

An injury to the ligaments or muscles in the neck could be a sprain or strain. When neck pain is caused by muscle strain, you may have aches and...

Sprain/strain: shoulder/arm

Sprains are injuries to the tough ropelike fibers (ligaments) that connect bone to bone. If you have a severe sprain, your symptoms may not be much...

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues above and below the waist and on both sides of the body. Fibromyalgia is a...

Finger, hand and wrist injuries

At one time or another, everyone has had a minor injury to a finger, hand or wrist that caused pain or swelling. Most of the time our body...

Sprains

Sprains are injuries to the tough ropelike fibers (ligaments) that connect bone to bone. If you have a severe sprain, your symptoms may not be much...

Synovitis/tenosynovitis

Synovitis is the inflammation of a synovial (joint-lining) membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by...

Tendinitis

Tendinopathy describes two conditions that are likely to occur together: tendon inflammation, known as tendinitis, and tiny tears in the connective...

Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow is a condition in which tendon damage causes pain or soreness around the outside part of the elbow known as the lateral epicondyle....

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long. A TIA...

Traumatic brain injury

A concussion is a brain injury that is caused by a sudden blow to the head or to the body. The blow shakes the brain inside the skull, which...

Trigger finger

Trigger finger and trigger thumb are conditions in which a person finds it difficult to bend or straighten the finger or thumb. It can feel as if...

Voice disorders

Voice problems usually include pain or discomfort when you speak or difficulty controlling the pitch, loudness, or quality of your voice. As you...