Related Conditions

Most common cancer types can be treated with radiotherapy in some way.

Anal cancer

Anal cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the opening at the end of the rectum (anus). Anal cancer is uncommon and is often curable.

Brain tumor

An adult brain tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors....

Breast cancer

Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. They can invade nearby tissues and form a mass, called a...

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the...

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the abnormal growth of cancer cells in the large intestine. Colon cancer forms in the longest part of the large intestine,...

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumors. Lung cancer can start...

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system, which is the network that carries lymph fluid, nutrients and waste material between the body...

Hypopharyngeal cancer

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom...

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx.   The larynx (voice box) is located just...

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following:...

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system is found throughout the...

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not...

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Oral complications of chemotherapy and head/neck radiation

The oral cavity is at high risk of side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy for a number of reasons. Chemotherapy and radiation...

Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part...

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.

Skin cancer, non-melanoma

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It is the most common type of cancer. It is almost always cured when it is found early...

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and...

Uterine cancer

Endometrial cancer, also called uterine cancer, is the abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The cause of endometrial...

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the vagina.