Related Conditions

Airway tumor

Bronchial tumors are slow-growing cancers in the trachea or in the large bronchi, the large airways of the lung. Symptoms include cough and...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease in which certain nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord slowly die. These nerve cells are...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease of the respiratory system that causes inflammation and spasm or tightening in the bronchial tubes, which...

Atelectasis

Atelectasis is an area of the lung that is not completely inflated. In atelectasis in newborns (fetal atelectasis), the lungs do not expand...

Berylliosis

Berylliosis is a form of metal poisoning caused by inhalation of beryllium dusts, vapors, or its compounds or implantation of the substance in the...

Chest wall tumor

Chest wall tumors can occur when lung cancer has spread (metastasized) into the chest cavity. A chest CT scan is used most often to determine...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The two most common forms of...

Hemoptysis

Hemoptysis is coughing up or spitting up blood.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumors. Lung cancer can start...

Lung metastasis

Lung cancer may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites are the bones, the brain, the liver, the other lung, the...

Lung nodule

A lung nodule is an abnormality of the lung tissue. Nodules may grow to a large size and hinder or stop the air flow in the lungs' airways.

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare progressive multisystem disorder that predominantly affects women of childbearing age. It occurs in women...

Mediastinal tumor

Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the area that separates the lungs. This area contains the heart, large blood vessels, windpipe...

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the membrane that covers and protects various internal organs of the body (mesothelium). The...

Muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare muscle disorder, but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions, affecting approximately 1 in...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Occupational and other respiratory diseases

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be...

Pleurisy

Pleurisy is swelling (inflammation) of the thin layers of tissue (pleura) covering the lungs and the chest wall. The outer layer of the...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can make you very sick. You may cough, run a fever, and have a hard time breathing. For most people, pneumonia...

Pneumothorax

A collapsed lung (pneumothorax) is a buildup of air in the space between the lung and the chest wall (pleural space). As the amount of air in this...

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that most often affects individuals between 20 and 40 years of age. Females appear to be affected more...

Sepsis/septic shock

Sepsis is an extreme immune system response to an infection that has spread throughout the blood and tissues. Severe sepsis often causes extremely...

Shock

Shock may develop as the result of sudden illness or injury, or bleeding. When the body cannot get enough blood to the vital organs, it goes into...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is infection or inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities. These are hollow spaces in your cheeks and around your eyes. Sinus...

Small cell lung cancer

Small-cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are two types of small-cell lung...

Thoracic malignancy

Thoracic malignancies are a group of cancers of the chest that include lung cancer, mesothelioma, esophageal cancer, chest wall tumors, airway...

Upper respiratory tract infection (URI)

An upper respiratory tract infection (URI) is a bacterial or viral infection of the nose, sinuses, or throat. Common symptoms of a URI are a...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is a worrisome symptom and has many acute and chronic causes including asthma and COPD.  You should see your health...

Altitude sickness

Altitude sickness occurs when you cannot get enough oxygen from the air at high altitudes. This causes symptoms such as a headache and not feeling...

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea occurs when someone stops breathing or has slowed breathing during sleep. It can be mild, moderate, or severe, based on the number of...

Periodic limb movement disorder

Periodic limb movement disorder is repeated muscle twitching of the feet, arms, or legs during sleep. Sometimes the mouth and muscles in the belly...

Respiratory failure, acute and chronic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...

Rhinitis, allergic

Allergic rhinitis, often called allergies or hay fever, occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe—you are...

Pulmonary hypertension

Primary pulmonary hypertension is a rare, progressive disorder characterized by high blood pressure (hypertension) of the main artery of the lungs...

Chest pain

Chest discomfort or pain is a key warning symptom of a heart attack. If you have any of symptoms of a heart attack, call 911 immediately. Most...

Emphysema

Emphysema is a long-term (chronic), irreversible lung disease that occurs when the tiny air sacs in the lungs are damaged, usually as a result of...

Empyema

Empyema is an infection accompianied by pus formation in the space between the lung and the chest wall.

Drug-induced lung disease

Drug-induced lung disease is lung disease or respiratory illness caused by a bad reaction to a medication. These reactions may directly or...

Hypoventilation and hyperventilation syndromes

Hypoventilation syndrome Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder of respiratory control with autonomic nervous...

Respiratory disorders related to neurological diseases

Certain neurological diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), can have respiratory complications including dysfunction of...