Related Conditions

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...

Abscess

An abscess is a pocket of pus that forms at the site of infected tissue. An abscess can form on the skin or on tissues within the body and cause...

Acne

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is an allergic reaction that affects the nose, and often the eyes. It’s often known as nasal allergies.

Allergies

For most people, allergies mean itchy eyes and a drippy nose. But for a few people, allergies to things like bee stings or nuts cause a whole-body reaction that can be life-threatening. Whether your allergies are dangerous or just annoying, the information in our Learning Center can help you cope.

Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart beats in an irregular pattern. It is caused by a problem in the heart's electrical pathways. It can be a sign of heart disease or other health problems that affect the heart.

Back and Neck Pain

Back or neck pain can range from a mild, dull, annoying ache, to persistent, severe disabling pain that can restrict mobility and interfere with your quality of life.You should always consult your health care provider if you have persistent pain.

Bladder infection

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections of the kidney, bladder and urethra. UTIs are generally triggered by bacteria and are more...

Blood clots

A blood clot (a clump of blood) that forms in a vein and causes inflammation is called thrombophlebitis. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, warmth,...

Breast Health

A breast self-examination (BSE) involves checking your breasts to help detect breast problems or changes. Many breast problems are first discovered by women themselves, often by accident. Breast lumps can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

Breast lump

Breast lumps are common, especially in women ages 30 to 50. A number of conditions can result in a lump or lumps in your breast. Most of these...

Burns

Burns are a type of painful wound caused by thermal, cold, electrical, chemical or electromagnetic energy. Smoking and open flame are the leading causes of burn injury for older adults. Scalding is the leading cause of burn injury for children.

Bursitis

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa - the small, fluid-filled sacs that surround the larger joints of the body and help the muscles and tendons move smoothly over the joints. Bursitis often happens in the shoulder, but it can also affect the elbows, hips, pelvis, knees, toes and heels.

Calluses and Corns

Calluses develop as a normal response to chronic excessive friction and pressure. They are protective pads made up of a thickened upper layer of skin.

Cervical cysts

Cervical cysts, are small bumps that are usually found on the cervix during a pelvic exam. Cervical cysts most often look like tiny,...

Cervicitis

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix, most often caused by infection. Symptoms of cervicitis include an unusual vaginal discharge or...

Chest Pain

Learn what to do if you experience uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or other pain in the chest, including the area from the collar-bone to the bottom of the rib cage.

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common childhood disease. It causes an itchy, blistering rash and is easily spread to others.

Cholestasis of pregnancy

Cholestasis is a relatively rare syndrome that results when the flow of bile from the liver is impaired. Bile is a fluid secreted by the liver that...

Chronic ischemic heart disease

Chronic ischemic heart disease is a condition that causes reduced circulation of blood to the heart.

Colic

Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time, for no obvious reason. It is a common problem that affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life.

Colon polyps

Colon polyps are growths in the colon or rectum. The cause of most colon polyps is not known. A certain type of polyp called an adenomatous polyp...

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a skin rash caused by something that touches the skin and makes it irritated and inflamed. Your skin may be red, swollen, dry, and may be cracked. Blisters may form and ooze. The rash will itch.

Cough

Health advice for those with a dry cough, with little to no clear-white phlegm; or a wet cough, where there is yellow, green or brown phlegm.

Croup

Croup is a disease that causes swelling in the upper portion of the airway in the neck and problems breathing. Children with croup often have a high-pitched “creaking” or whistling sound when breathing in; this is called stridor.

Cyst of ovary, follicular

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that contains a maturing egg. A follicular cyst occurs when a sac on the ovary does not release an egg, and...

Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disk disease (DDD) is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes of the disks in the spine as a person ages....

Depression

Health advice for those feeling depression; feeling depressed, sadness or having no hope; decreased joy from or interest in daily activities; thoughts of suicide.

Developmental delay

Developmental delays are present when a child does not demonstrate abilities and skills commonly found in other children in the same age group....

Developmental disability

Developmental disabilities are a group of problems that often include difficulty with physical, intellectual (thinking and reasoning), social or...

Diabetic Foot Problems

When a patient with diabetes loses sensation in the feet, sores or injuries may go unnoticed until serious ulcers develop.Diabetic neuropathy and blood vessel disease both increase the risk of foot ulcers.

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage due to diabetes. Over time, high blood sugar (glucose) can damage the tiny blood vessels that supply your nerves, especially in the legs.

Diabetic Retinopathy

High blood sugar can damage blood vessels of the retina and cause them to leak or bleed. This damage can lead to abnormal blood vessel growth. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms include floaters, blurred vision or poor night vision.

Diabetic wounds

Diabetes can affect the body's immune system, impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection, stay in the infected...

Diaper Rash

Learn to identify the signs and symptoms of diaper rash - a skin problem caused by the skin staying wet, rubbing from the diaper, and contact with chemicals in the urine and stool, causing skin to look red, raw, scalded, or burned - and when you should call the doctor.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is the sudden increase in the frequency and looseness of bowel movements (BMs); mild diarrhea is the passage of a few loose or mushy BMs; severe diarrhea is the passage of many watery BMs.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, is when the heart chambers enlarge and lose their ability to contract. As the heart chamber widens, it becomes weak and does not contract well. Eventually, the heart can't pump as much blood forward as it normally would.

Dizziness

Learn what to do when you feels dizzy or woozy; like your head or the room is spinning or tilting.

Ectopic Pregnancy

A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy. These usually occur in the fallopian tube, but rarely they are located in an ovary or in the cervix, or even in the abdomen and are most common in women with the endometriosis or who have had tubal surgery.

Elbow Injury

Find out what to do if you have an injury to the elbow; bone, muscle, joint or ligament of the elbow; or have elbow pain - muscle pain caused by overuse (too much exercise or heavy lifting).

Limb swelling

Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...

Emphysema

Pulmonary emphysema, known as emphysema, is a chronic lung condition in which the air sacs (alveoli) may be collapsed, destroyed, narrowed, overinflated or stretched.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a problem that affects womens' reproductive organs and menstrual cycle, that can cause cramps and pain during periods or pelvic pain the whole month.

Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.

False labor

Braxton Hicks contractions are a painless but sometimes uncomfortable tightening of the uterus. The contractions may be mild enough to go unnoticed...

Fatigue

Fatigue is a feeling of tiredness, exhaustion, or lack of energy.

Female sexual dysfunction

A sexual problem means that sex is not satisfying or positive for you. In women, common sexual problems include feeling little or no interest in...

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition, causing pain and tenderness in connective tissues, as well as muscle pain.

Finger, hand and wrist injuries

At one time or another, everyone has had a minor injury to a finger, hand or wrist that caused pain or swelling. Most of the time our body...

Fractures

A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).

Gallbladder disease

The gallbladder is a small sac found just under the liver. It stores bile made by the liver. Bile helps you digest fats. Bile moves from the...

Gastritis

Gastritis is when your stomach lining gets red and swollen (inflamed).

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that occurs when gastric acid from the stomach flows back up into the food pipe or esophagus. Heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy; a hormone made by your placenta keeps your body from using the insulin as it should.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a health problem where the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly builds up and doesn’t drain properly; the fluid collects and causes damage to the optic nerve.

Glucose intolerance

Prediabetes is a term that is used when you are at risk for Type 2 diabetes. It means that your blood sugar is higher than it should be. Most...

Gluten intolerance

Celiac disease is a digestive disorder characterized by intolerance to dietary gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley....

Gout

Gout is an inflammation of a joint due to a build-up of gout crystals in the joint fluid, which occurs when there is an excess of uric acid (a normal blood waste product filtered by the kidneys) in the body.

Headaches

Headaches are one of the most common pain-related health problems in both children and adults. You may have a headache along with another minor...

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. Many things can cause impaired hearing, including tinnitus, presbycusis (age-related hearing loss), and hereditary causes, among others.

Heart attack

A heart attack—also called myocardial infarction or MI—occurs when an area of heart muscle is completely deprived of blood, and the heart muscle...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

Heartburn

Heartburn is a feeling of burning, warmth, heat or pain that often starts in the upper abdomen just beneath the lower breastbone. This discomfort...

Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis happens when too much iron builds up in the body. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of your blood that carries...

Hemoglobin A1c

Hemoglobin A1c is a test that shows the average level of blood sugar over the past two to three months. People with diabetes need to have this test...

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins inside the rectum and near the anus, most often caused by chronic constipation or diarrhea, straining when having a bowel movement, sitting too long on the toilet, a low-fiber diet or pregnancy.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by a virus. It goes away on its own in almost all cases. Hepatitis A does not lead to long-term liver...

Hernia, hiatal

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the muscle...

Herniated disk

The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small, spongy disks. When these disks are healthy, they act as shock...

High Blood Pressure

Helpful information if your Systolic blood pressure greater than 140; your Diastolic blood pressure greater than 90; or if you are taking medications for high blood pressure.

High blood sugar

If your blood sugar levels are consistently 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) to 350 mg/dL, you may have mild symptoms of high blood sugar. You...

High Cholesterol

Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs, but you also get cholesterol from many of the foods you eat. Cholesterol your body makes from the fat you eat creates the most risk for disease.

Hives

Hives are an itchy rash made up of raised pink bumps with pale centers, that comes and goes.

Human papillomavirus

A human papillomavirus (HPV) test is done to find a high-risk HPV infection in women. HPV is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). An HPV test...

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar (glucose) - the main source of fuel for the body.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism means your thyroid gland is not making enough thyroid hormone - vital to body growth and metabolism.

Immunodeficiency

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, the body’s natural defense system. Without a strong immune system,...

Impotence

Impotence, also known as erectile dysfunction, occurs when a man cannot achieve or keep an erection that is firm enough for sexual intercourse....

Infant sleep apnea

Apnea is a term used to describe the temporary absence of spontaneous breathing. Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one year....

Inflammatory-bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition that causes ongoing inflammation of the intestines. The condition can affect only the large...

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Ingrown toenail

An ingrown toenail is a toenail that has grown into the skin instead of over it. This usually happens to the big toe, but it can also happen to...

Inguinal hernia

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the...

Insect Bite

Most insect bites do not cause illness, and the itching and swelling most often go away without treatment or with a home remedy. However, an infection can develop if the bite is scratched and the skin broken; rarely, a person may have an allergic reaction to an insect bite.

Insomnia

Insomnia is repeated difficulty going to sleep or staying asleep, or both.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the intestines - a group of symptoms caused by changes in the way the intestines work, including abdominal pain, discomfort, and cramping; diarrhea; constipation or dry, hard stools; mucous stool; bloating; and feeling of incomplete bowel movements.

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Joint Dislocation

A joint dislocation happens when a strong force is applied to the joints, such as the kneecap, hip, fingers, elbow or shoulder, tearing ligaments and forcing the bones out of place. Often no bones are broken, but the nearby nerves and blood vessels can be damaged.

Kidney Stones

A kidney stone is a hard, pebble-like deposit that forms in the kidney. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl - some are as big as golf balls; a stone may be smooth, irregular in shape, or jagged.

Knee injuries

Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Most of the time our body movements do not cause problems, but it's not...

Lactose Intolerance

People with lactose intolerance cannot digest dairy products; undigested lactose in the gut cannot be absorbed, which can cause nausea, cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhea and foul-smelling stools.

Liver disease

Liver diseases can include cirrhosis, infections (such as hepatitis) and liver tumors.

Localized swelling

Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...

Low amniotic fluid

Amniotic fluid has cells that have been shed by your developing fetus. The cells are checked for the number and size of chromosomes (karyotype) to...

Low birth weight

Babies born weighing less than 5 1/2 pounds are considered low birthweight, and are at increased risk for serious health problems as newborns,...

Maternal alcohol or drug use

Alcohol and drugs can cause problems for you during your pregnancy and when it is time for your baby to be born. They can also affect your baby...

Measles

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a very contagious viral illness. It has a distinct rash and a fever. It is usually spread through direct contact with droplets from coughs or sneezes from a person with measles.

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges - the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord - and is usually caused by infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

Meningococcal disease

Meningococcemia is a rare infectious disease characterized by upper respiratory tract infection, fever, skin rash and lesions, eye and ear...

Menopause

When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause; this stage signals the period of time when a woman's hormone levels begin to change and the end of a woman's ability to have children.

Menstrual cramps

Dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation. It is classified as either primary or secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea generally occurs within a couple of...

Menstruation problems

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.