Related Conditions

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...

Abnormal pap

When your doctor says that your Pap test was “abnormal,” it means that the test found some cells on your cervix that do not look normal. It does...

Abrasion

Scrapes or abrasions are skin wounds that rub or tear off skin. Most scrapes are shallow and do not extend far into the skin, but some may remove...

Acne

Acne is a skin problem that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Acne can range from mild to severe acne, which can mean...

Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is a disorder characterized by loss of hair. Sometimes, this means simply a few bare patches on the scalp. In other cases, hair...

Anemia

Anemia is a general term for a category of blood conditions that affect the red blood cells or the oxygen-carrying hemoglobin they contain.

Angina

Angina is a type of chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood flow to the heart. This is often a result of narrowing of the blood...

Anxiety Disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder occurs when you feel worried and stressed about many everyday events and activities. In this disorder, often the...

Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...

Arthralgia

Arthralgia is pain in a joint. A joint is the point at which two bones are connected. Many joints provide support and stability and allow movement,...

Arthropathy

Psoriatic arthritis is a rheumatoid-like arthritic condition characterized by pain and swelling of the joints that occurs in association with gray...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease of the respiratory system that causes inflammation and spasm or tightening in the bronchial tubes, which...

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (say “A-tree-uhl fih-bruh-LAY-shun”) is an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper parts (atria) of the...

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which a person has trouble paying attention and focusing on tasks, tends to act...

Back and neck pain

Most people have back and neck pain from time to time. Some people have ongoing pain that gets in the way of their everyday activities. Either way,...

Bleeding, rectal

Many people have small amounts of rectal bleeding. Irritation of the rectum from diarrhea or constipation, a small hemorrhoid, or an anal fissure...

Blood in stool, melena

Blood in the stool may be the only symptom of colorectal cancer, but not all blood in the stool is caused by cancer. Other conditions that can...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the...

Breast lump

Breast lumps are common, especially in women ages 30 to 50. A number of conditions can result in a lump or lumps in your breast. Most of these...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Burns

Heat burns (thermal burns) are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Scald burns with hot liquid are the most common burns to...

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are made of salts and minerals in the urine that stick together to form small "pebbles." They are usually painless while they remain...

Calluses and corns

Calluses and corns are areas of thick, hardened, dead skin. They form to protect the skin and structures under the skin from pressure, friction,...

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a skin infection caused by bacteria. Normally, your skin helps protect you from infection. But if you have a cut, sore, or insect...

Cerumen impaction

Earwax (cerumen) is normally produced only in the outer half of the ear canal and will not become deeply impacted unless it is pushed in. The ear...

Cervical dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a term used to describe abnormal cervical cells taken during the Pap smear. Cervical dysplasia is usually graded according to...

Cervicitis

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix, most often caused by infection. Symptoms of cervicitis include an unusual vaginal discharge or...

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. It is most common in children, but most...

Chronic ischemic heart disease

Chronic ischemic heart disease is a condition that causes reduced circulation of blood to the heart.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) are not able to pump blood effectively. When the heart muscle...

Conjunctivitis

Pinkeye is redness and swelling of the lining of the eyelid and eye surface. The lining is called the conjunctiva, and pinkeye is also called...

Constipation, Age 12 and Older

Constipation occurs when stools are difficult to pass. Some people are overly concerned with the frequency of their bowel movements because they...

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an acute or chronic skin inflammation triggered by substances that come in contact with the skin. Affected individuals may...

Contusion

Bruises (contusions) occur when small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture, most often from a twist, bump, or fall. Blood leaks into...

Cough

Coughing is your body's way of getting foreign substances and mucus out of your lungs and upper airway passages. Coughs are often useful, and you...

Croup

Croup is a common respiratory problem in young children. It tends to occur in the fall and winter. Its main symptom is a harsh, barking cough....

Cyst of ovary, follicular

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that contains a maturing egg. A follicular cyst occurs when a sac on the ovary does not release an egg, and...

Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body loses too much fluid. This can happen when you stop drinking water or lose large amounts of fluid through...

Depression

Depression is an illness that causes you to feel sad, to lose interest in activities that you've always enjoyed, to withdraw from others, and to...

Diarrhea

Diarrhea occurs when there is an increase in the number of bowel movements or bowel movements are more watery and loose than normal. When the...

Diverticulosis of colon

Diverticulosis is a condition that develops when pouches form in the wall of the colon. These pouches may be up to 0.25 inches (6.4 mm) in diameter...

Dizziness

Dizziness is a word that is often used to describe two different feelings. It is important to know exactly what you mean when you say "I feel...

Dysuria

Burning or pain with urination (dysuria) is the most common symptom of a urinary tract problem. As bacteria grow in the bladder, the bladder wall...

Eczema, atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, sometimes called eczema, is a skin problem that causes dry skin, intense itching, and then a red, raised rash. It's most common...

Limb swelling

Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis (endo) is a puzzling hormonal and immune disease affecting girls and women from as young as eight to postmenopause. In endo, tissue...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Failure to thrive

Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more slowly than other children of his or her age and...

Fatigue

Fatigue is a feeling of tiredness, exhaustion, or lack of energy.

Fever, Age 12 and Older

Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. It helps the body fight infection. Fever...

Fibroid uterus

Uterine fibroids are lumps that grow on the uterus. Your doctor may call them fibroid tumors, leiomyomas or myomas. Fibroids are not cancer. You do...

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues above and below the waist and on both sides of the body. Fibromyalgia is a...

Gas/bloating

Gas (flatus) is made in the stomach and intestines as your body breaks down food into energy. All people pass gas, some people more than others. It...

Gastritis

Chronic, Erosive Gastritis is characterized by many inflamed lesions in the mucous lining of the stomach. It may be a transitory or a chronic...

Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is an upset stomach. It causes nausea and vomiting. You may also have diarrhea or a fever. It is sometimes called "stomach flu,"...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Topic Overview This topic is about gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in adults. For information on reflux in babies and children, see...

Genetic disorders

Genetic disorders are diseases that can be passed from parents to children. Some disorders may be inherited if only one parent has the abnormal...

Glucose intolerance

Prediabetes is a term that is used when you are at risk for Type 2 diabetes. It means that your blood sugar is higher than it should be. Most...

Gout

Gout is an inflammatory joint disease that causes acute pain and swelling. It is a form of arthritis that develops when uric acid crystals form in...

Headaches

Headaches are one of the most common pain-related health problems in both children and adults. You may have a headache along with another minor...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

Heartburn

Heartburn is a feeling of burning, warmth, heat or pain that often starts in the upper abdomen just beneath the lower breastbone. This discomfort...

Hematuria

Hematuria, or blood in the urine, can be either gross (visible) or microscopic (as defined by more than three to five red blood cells per high...

Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a rare genetic bleeding disorder. It runs in families and is almost always seen in males. Hemophilia occurs when blood clotting...

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. This common problem can be painful, but it’s usually not serious. Veins can swell inside the anal...

Inguinal hernia

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the...

Hernia, hiatal

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the muscle...

High blood pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition in which the force of blood against artery walls is too strong. Over time, high blood pressure...

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is an important type of fat (lipid) that is made by the body and is necessary for it to function. It also is found in foods that are...

Hives

Hives (urticaria) are an allergic reaction of the skin that may last a few minutes or can persist for a few days. They appear as raised, red, itchy...

Hyperhidrosis

Primary hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder characterized by excessive sweating on the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, in the armpits...

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. It makes...

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Ingrown toenail

An ingrown toenail is a toenail that has grown into the skin instead of over it. This usually happens to the big toe, but it can also happen to...

Insect bite

Insect bites often cause minor swelling, redness, pain and itching. These mild reactions are common and may last from a few hours to a few days....

Insomnia

Insomnia is a common sleep problem that can affect your quality of life. People with insomnia have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. They...

Keloids

A keloid is a thick scar that can develop after curettage treatment. A keloid can be itchy or grow larger over time but it doesn't require medical...

Knee injuries

Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Most of the time our body movements do not cause problems, but it's not...

Localized swelling

Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...

Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the coverings around the brain and spinal cord. The infection occurs most often in children, teens, and young adults....

Menopause

Menopause is the cessation of the monthly female menstrual cycle. Women who have not had a menstrual period for a year are considered...

Menstruation problems

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new...

Metrorrhagia

Metrorrhagia is uterine bleeding at irregular intervals, particularly between the expected menstrual periods. Metrorrhagia may be a sign of an...

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older

Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth....

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilage that protects and cushions the joints breaks down over time. Eventually, the bones—formerly...

Otitis externa

Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation or infection of the ear canal, the passage that leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. This...

Otitis media

Ear infections (acute otitis media) occur in the space behind the eardrum, which is called the middle ear. Ear infections are more likely to occur...

Pain in limb

Minor arm and leg injuries are common. Symptoms often develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse or an injury. Limb injuries are often caused...

Peptic ulcer disease without obstruction

Ulcers develop when the intestine or stomach's protective layer is broken down, allowing a sore to develop in the stomach lining or upper...

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is narrowing or blockage of arteries that results in poor blood flow to your arms and legs. When you walk or...

Pigmented lesions

Colored skin spots, also called pigmented lesions, can include freckles, moles or flesh-colored skin spots.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can make you very sick. You may cough, run a fever, and have a hard time breathing. For most people, pneumonia...

Pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy: Your first sign of pregnancy may be a missed menstrual period. Other early signs of pregnancy, caused by hormonal...

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is swelling or infection of the prostate gland. It often hurts. The prostate gland sits just below a man's bladder and makes part of...

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry, reddish (erythematous), thickened patches of skin that are covered with...

Rash, Age 12 and Older

Healthy skin provides a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means some change has affected the skin. Rashes...

Rhinitis, allergic

Allergic rhinitis, often called allergies or hay fever, occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe—you are...

Rosacea

Rosacea (say “roh-ZAY-sha”) is a skin disease that causes redness and pimples on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead.  It can also cause burning...

Rotator cuff tear

A torn rotator cuff tendon is damage to one or more of the four tendons that cover the shoulder joint. These tendons connect the rotator cuff...

Sebaceous cyst

Sebaceous cysts are caused by plugged ducts at the site of a hair follicle. Like a cyst, they move freely under the fingers. Hormone stimulation or...

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is a worrisome symptom and has many acute and chronic causes including asthma and COPD.  You should see your health...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is infection or inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities. These are hollow spaces in your cheeks and around your eyes. Sinus...

Skin disease

Most skin problems first appear as a rash, which may go away with home treatment. In some cases a rash does not go away or the skin may become so...

Skin ulcers

Skin ulcers are open sores that are often accompanied by the sloughing-off of inflamed tissue. They can be caused by a variety of events, such...

Sprain/strain: ankle

Most people have twisted an ankle at some point in their life. If your ankle gets swollen and painful after you twist it, it may be sprained. This...

Sprain/strain: neck

An injury to the ligaments or muscles in the neck could be a sprain or strain. When neck pain is caused by muscle strain, you may have aches and...

Sprain/strain: shoulder/arm

Sprains are injuries to the tough ropelike fibers (ligaments) that connect bone to bone. If you have a severe sprain, your symptoms may not be much...

Strep throat

Strep throat is an infection in the throat and the tonsils caused by streptococcal (strep) bacteria. The throat gets irritated and inflamed,...

Sun damage

Actinic keratosis and actinic lentigines are types of colored skin spot that is caused by too much sun exposure.

Sunburn

A sunburn is skin damage from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most sunburns cause mild pain and redness but affect only the outer layer of skin....

Synovitis/tenosynovitis

Synovitis is the inflammation of a synovial (joint-lining) membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by...

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation in a vein in an area where a blood clot has formed. Often the term thrombophlebitis is shortened to "phlebitis."...

Tobacco abuse

When people use tobacco products on a regular basis, their bodies develop a need for nicotine. If they don't get nicotine, they start having...

Tonsillitis

What is tonsillitis? Tonsillitis is an infection or inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are balls of lymphatic tissue on both sides of...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that lets sugar (glucose) move from the...

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become...

Upper respiratory tract infection (URI)

An upper respiratory tract infection (URI) is a bacterial or viral infection of the nose, sinuses, or throat. Common symptoms of a URI are a...

Urinary tract infection

Your urinary tract is the system that makes urine and carries it out of your body. It includes your bladder and kidneys and the tubes that connect...

Vaginitis/vulvitis

Vaginitis is infection or inflammation of the vagina. It can cause itching and burning, a change in vaginal discharge, and sometimes pain during...

Venous insufficiency

Venous insufficiency occurs when the veins in the legs do not return blood to the heart and upper body normally. Causes include long-term high...

Warts

A wart is a harmless skin growth caused by some types of the virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 100 known types of...