Related Conditions

Respiratory failure, acute and chronic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...

Anxiety Disorders

Detailed information on the most common types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and phobias.

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart beats in an irregular pattern. It is caused by a problem in the heart's electrical pathways. It can be a sign of heart disease or other health problems that affect the heart.

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of non-progressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function, body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited life-threatening disease that affects many organs. It causes changes in the electrolyte transport system causing cells to absorb too much sodium and water.

Decubitus ulcer

A pressure sore (bed sore) is an injury to the skin and/or the tissues under the skin. Constant pressure on an area of skin reduces blood supply to...

Dementia

Dementia is a loss of mental skills that affects your daily life. It can cause problems with your memory and how well you can think and plan....

Depression

Health advice for those feeling depression; feeling depressed, sadness or having no hope; decreased joy from or interest in daily activities; thoughts of suicide.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition in which sugar (glucose) remains in the blood rather than entering the body’s cells to be used for energy. This...

Diabetic wounds

Diabetes can affect the body's immune system, impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection, stay in the infected...

Dysphagia

When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia and it can lead to aspiration—food or other material entering the airways or lungs.

Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.

Fall Prevention

Find ways to reduce injury and your risk of falling, slipping, tripping or losing your balance.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy; a hormone made by your placenta keeps your body from using the insulin as it should.

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Kidney Failure

There are 2 types of kidney failure — acute and chronic - which happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. These cells can invade nearby tissue and form tumors. Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (also called degenerative joint disease) happens when the cartilage in a joint becomes damaged and worn, usually due to age, wear and tear, overuse of the joint, or other problems.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones - most often affected are the hips, spine and wrists - leaving them at greater risk of breaking.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

Stroke

Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.

Skin Infections

Detailed information on different types of skin infections, including bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic skin infections.

Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body loses too much fluid. This can happen when you stop drinking water or lose large amounts of fluid through...

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is the sudden increase in the frequency and looseness of bowel movements (BMs); mild diarrhea is the passage of a few loose or mushy BMs; severe diarrhea is the passage of many watery BMs.

Immunodeficiency

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, the body’s natural defense system. Without a strong immune system,...

Infectious arthritis

Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints that occurs as a result of infection by bacteria, viruses or, less frequently, fungi...

Inflammatory-bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition that causes ongoing inflammation of the intestines. The condition can affect only the large...

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Malabsorption syndrome

Whipple disease (malabsorption syndrome) is a rare disease resulting from bacterial infection that leads to inadequate absorption of nutrients...

Morning Sickness

Morning sickness symptoms include nausea and vomiting during the fourth to eighth week of pregnancy.

Persistent intestinal fistulae

A fistula is an abnormal connection or opening between two organs or parts of the body that are not normally connected, such as between two parts...

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an infection of the lining of the sinuses near the nose. These infections most often happen after a cold or after an allergy flare-up.

Burns

Burns are a type of painful wound caused by thermal, cold, electrical, chemical or electromagnetic energy. Smoking and open flame are the leading causes of burn injury for older adults. Scalding is the leading cause of burn injury for children.