Related Conditions

Angina

Angina is a type of chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood flow to the heart. This is often a result of narrowing of the blood...

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm (say “a-OR-tik AN-yuh-rih-zum”) is a bulge in a section of the aorta, the body’s main artery. The aorta carries oxygen-rich...

Aortic valve stenosis

The heart has four chambers. In the lower left chamber (left ventricle), the aortic valve works like a one-way gate. When the heart pumps, the...

Arrhythmia

An abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) is any variation in the normal heartbeat. Abnormal heartbeats occur when the heart has an irregular heart...

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (say “A-tree-uhl fih-bruh-LAY-shun”) is an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper parts (atria) of the...

Atrial septal defect (ASD)

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a group of rare disorders of the heart that are present at birth (congenital) and involve a hole in the wall...

Blood clots

A blood clot (a clump of blood) that forms in a vein and causes inflammation is called thrombophlebitis. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, warmth,...

Carotid artery disease

The carotid artery travels up each side of the neck and branches into smaller vessels that supply blood to the brain. Blood flowing through the...

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) are not able to pump blood effectively. When the heart muscle...

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot (thrombus) in a deep vein, usually in the legs. Clots can form in superficial veins and in deep...

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition that weakens your heart muscle and causes it to stretch, or dilate. When your heart muscle is weak,...

Endocarditis

Endocarditis is an infection of the heart's valves or its inner lining (endocardium). It is most common in people who have a damaged, diseased, or...

Heart attack

A heart attack—also called myocardial infarction or MI—occurs when an area of heart muscle is completely deprived of blood, and the heart muscle...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

High blood pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition in which the force of blood against artery walls is too strong. Over time, high blood pressure...

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is an important type of fat (lipid) that is made by the body and is necessary for it to function. It also is found in foods that are...

Mitral valve disease

Mitral valve stenosis is a heart problem in which the mitral valve doesn't open as wide as it should. It is a lifelong disease. When you first...

Mitral valve prolapse

Your mitral valve controls blood flow on the left side of your heart. The valve opens and closes with each heartbeat. It works like a one-way gate,...

Mitral valve regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation means that one of the valves in your heart—the mitral valve—is letting blood leak backward into the heart. Heart...

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. Myocarditis may occur after a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection, such as diphtheria, rheumatic...

Orthostatic hypotension

Orthostatic hypotension is a rapid and sudden decrease in blood pressure that occurs when a person changes position, such as rising from a sitting...

Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

A small opening between the two atria (foramen ovale) is present at birth. Shortly after birth, the atrial septum gradually grows and seals this...

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a swelling and irritation of the pericardium, which is the sac that surrounds your heart. Most of the time the cause is either...

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is narrowing or blockage of arteries that results in poor blood flow to your arms and legs. When you walk or...

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is the buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually resulting from the heart's inability to pump blood through the body effectively. It...

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot. In most cases, the clots are small...

Renal artery disease

Renal artery disease is a narrowed or blocked renal artery. The renal artery carries blood to the kidneys.

Supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) means that from time to time your heart beats very fast for a reason other than exercise, high fever, or stress....

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation in a vein in an area where a blood clot has formed. Often the term thrombophlebitis is shortened to "phlebitis."...

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long. A TIA...

Valvular disorders

Valvular disorders include aortic valve regurgitation, aortic valve stenosis, mitral valve regurgitation and mitral valve stenosis.

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins near the surface of the skin. They are most common in the legs and ankles. They usually aren't serious,...

Vascular disorders

Vascular disorders affect the supply of blood to the brain, spinal cord, or blood vessels in the head. Examples of vascular disorders that can lead...

Ventricular fibrillation

Fast heart rhythms that begin in the lower chambers of the heart are called ventricular arrhythmias. They usually are fast and regular, such as...

Ventricular tachycardia

Ventricular tachycardia is a fast heart rhythm that starts in the lower part of the heart (ventricles). If left untreated, some forms of...

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is an abnormal electrical connection (or bypass tract) between the atria and ventricles of the heart. The bypass...

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood...

Polycythemia vera

Polycythemia vera is a rare, chronic disorder involving the overproduction of blood cells in the bone marrow (myeloproliferation). The...

Diabetic wounds

Diabetes can affect the body's immune system, impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection, stay in the infected...

Chest pain

Chest discomfort or pain is a key warning symptom of a heart attack. If you have any of symptoms of a heart attack, call 911 immediately. Most...