Related Conditions

Abscess

An abscess is a pocket of pus that forms at the site of infected tissue. An abscess can form on the skin or on tissues within the body and cause...

Acute dacryocystitis

Tears normally drain from the eye through small tubes called tear ducts that stretch from the eye into the nose. A blocked tear duct occurs when...

Allergies

For most people, allergies mean itchy eyes and a drippy nose. But for a few people, allergies to things like bee stings or nuts cause a whole-body reaction that can be life-threatening. Whether your allergies are dangerous or just annoying, the information in our Learning Center can help you cope.

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).

Balanoposthitis

In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) occur...

Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the gallbladder. It happens when a digestive juice called bile gets trapped in your gallbladder.

Colic

Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time, for no obvious reason. It is a common problem that affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life.

Cough

Health advice for those with a dry cough, with little to no clear-white phlegm; or a wet cough, where there is yellow, green or brown phlegm.

Croup

Croup is a disease that causes swelling in the upper portion of the airway in the neck and problems breathing. Children with croup often have a high-pitched “creaking” or whistling sound when breathing in; this is called stridor.

Diaper Rash

Learn to identify the signs and symptoms of diaper rash - a skin problem caused by the skin staying wet, rubbing from the diaper, and contact with chemicals in the urine and stool, causing skin to look red, raw, scalded, or burned - and when you should call the doctor.

Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.

Fatigue

Fatigue is a feeling of tiredness, exhaustion, or lack of energy.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by a virus. It goes away on its own in almost all cases. Hepatitis A does not lead to long-term liver...

Hirschsprung's disease

Hirschsprung’s disease is a birth defect that affects the nerve cells of the large intestine. It causes problems with passing stool. Most of the...

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar (glucose) - the main source of fuel for the body.

Impetigo

Impetigo is a common bacterial infection of the skin that can appear on many parts of the body. It can happen to anyone, of any age, but is more common in children. For this reason, it used to be called "school sores."

Intussusception

Intussusception is a serious problem in the intestine that occurs when one part of the intestine slides inside another part - the intestine then folds into itself like a telescope, creating a blockage or obstruction.

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Lymphadenitis

Lymphadenitis is the medical term for enlargement in one or more lymph nodes, usually due to infection.

Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges - the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord - and is usually caused by infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis (also called mono) is a contagious viral infection usually spread by contact with saliva - often by kissing - which usually causes mild flu-like symptoms. Early symptoms include headache, nausea, tiredness and general muscle aching. This is followed by sore throat and fever.

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 11 and Younger

Vomiting occurs when a child's stomach contents are forced up the esophagus and out of the mouth. Although nausea may accompany vomiting in adults...

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older

Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth....

Newborn feeding problems

You may be unsure about how to begin breast-feeding. A lactation consultant is available at many hospitals and birthing centers. These consultants...

Objects in the ear

Objects (foreign bodies) inserted into the ear usually do not cause significant damage. But objects that are inserted forcefully can damage the...

Objects in the eye

Objects may scratch the surface of the eye (cornea) or may become stuck on the eye. If the cornea is scratched, it can be hard to tell when you...

Otitis externa

Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation or infection of the ear canal, the passage that leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. This...

Otitis media

Ear infections (acute otitis media) occur in the space behind the eardrum, which is called the middle ear. Ear infections are more likely to occur...

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. PID is caused by bacteria entering the reproductive organs through the cervix. When the cervix is infected, bacteria from the vagina can more easily get into and infect the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Phimosis

The inability to retract the foreskin (the skin covering the head of the penis (glans)) at birth is called congenital phimosis. It is a normal condition.

Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax is a condition in which air in the lungs leaks into the chest cavity.

Poisoning

Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home by following the directions from a poison control center or your child's doctor. At other times, you may need emergency medical care.

Pyloric Stenosis

Pyloric stenosis is narrowing of pylorus - the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. This can block the passage of food out of the stomach.

Rashes

Healthy skin is a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means a change has affected the skin. Rashes generally...

Respiratory Problems, Age 11 and Younger

The upper respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat. A child with an upper respiratory infection may feel uncomfortable and...

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection with streptococcal bacteria. These are the same bacteria that cause strep throat.

Stomatitis

Canker sores (aphthous stomatitis) are painful white ulcers in the mouth that appear most often on the tongue, inside the cheeks, and inside the...

Volvulus of intestine

A bowel obstruction happens when either your small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked. The blockage prevents food, fluids, and gas...

Atypical eating disorders

Atypical eating disorders, or eating disorders not otherwise specified, is a diagnostic term used when many but not all the criteria are met for...

Headaches

Headaches are one of the most common pain-related health problems in both children and adults. You may have a headache along with another minor...

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine measuring 10 degrees or greater, with the spine looking like an "S" or "C." and making it look like the person is leaning to one side.

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...

Acne

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is a worrisome symptom and has many acute and chronic causes including asthma and COPD.  You should see your health...

Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.

Orthostatic hypotension

Orthostatic hypotension is a rapid and sudden decrease in blood pressure that occurs when a person changes position, such as rising from a sitting...

Skin Infections

Detailed information on different types of skin infections, including bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic skin infections.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is the sudden increase in the frequency and looseness of bowel movements (BMs); mild diarrhea is the passage of a few loose or mushy BMs; severe diarrhea is the passage of many watery BMs.

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, often caused when the duct that connects the pancreas and gallbladder is blocked by a gallstone, and usually caused by heavy alcohol use, medications, trauma, certain medical procedures, viruses, and toxins.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

Fractures

A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).

Altered mental status

Delirium is a sudden change in how well a person's brain is working (mental status). Delirium can cause confusion, change the sleep-wake cycles,...

Fever seizures

Fever seizures (sometimes called fever convulsions) are uncontrolled muscle spasms that can occur in children who have a rapid increase in body...

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. It is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition and happens in all age groups and both genders, although it is more common in men.

Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...

Hernia, hiatal

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the muscle...

Ovarian cysts

A functional ovarian cyst is a sac that forms on the surface of a woman’s ovary during ovulation. It holds a maturing egg. Usually the sac goes...

Inguinal hernia

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that occurs when gastric acid from the stomach flows back up into the food pipe or esophagus. Heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD.

Infant sleep apnea

Apnea is a term used to describe the temporary absence of spontaneous breathing. Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one year....