Related Conditions

Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic neuroma is a rare noncancerous tumor. It grows slowly from an overproduction of Schwann cells and is also called a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor then presses on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear.

Adrenal adenomas

Adrenal adenomas are common benign tumors on the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. The hormones produced by the...

Airway tumor

Bronchial tumors are slow-growing cancers in the trachea or in the large bronchi, the large airways of the lung. Symptoms include cough and...

Astrocytic tumors

An astrocytic tumor begins in star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell...

Atypical ductal hyperplasia

Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is an abnormal production of cells within the duct system of the breast. Women who have atypical ductal...

Bladder cancer

Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In bladder cancer, these...

Brain Tumor

Your body is constantly growing new cells to replace older ones. A tumor occurs when cells begin to grow abnormally and without control.

Breast cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Breast Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. All treatments for breast cancer work best when the cancer is...

Breast Health

A breast self-examination (BSE) involves checking your breasts to help detect breast problems or changes. Many breast problems are first discovered by women themselves, often by accident. Breast lumps can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

Breast lump

Breast lumps are common, especially in women ages 30 to 50. A number of conditions can result in a lump or lumps in your breast. Most of these...

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Cancer pain

Cancer pain can be controlled in almost every case. This does not mean that you have no pain, but that it stays at a level that you can bear....

Chest wall tumor

Bones or muscles of the chest wall can give rise to tumors. Approximately 60 percent of chest wall tumors are cancerous or malignant.

Colon polyps

Colon polyps are growths in the colon or rectum. The cause of most colon polyps is not known. A certain type of polyp called an adenomatous polyp...

Cowden syndrome

The PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) is a spectrum of disorders caused by mutations of the PTEN gene. These disorders are characterized by...

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS or intraductal carcinoma) is a very early form of noninvasive breast cancer that begins in the lining of the small...

Duodenal cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the small intestine.

Esophageal cancer

The esophagus can be divided into thirds: top (proximal) or neck, middle or chest, and lower or abdominal. Esophageal cancer consists of mucous membrane cancer or adenocarcinomas most commonly, or squamous cell or epidermoid cancers. Adenocarcinomas can arise from pre-cancerous cells caused by heartburn or GERD.

Essential tremor

Tremor is an involuntary shaking movement that is repeated over and over. Although it may affect any part of the body, tremor most often affects...

Ewing family of tumors

Ewing's sarcoma is a rare bone tumor that occurs most often in adolescents. It may also arise outside of the bone in soft tissue (extraosseous...

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by hundreds to thousands of precancerous...

Gastroesophageal junction cancer

Gastroesophageal junction cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the place where the esophagus is connected to the stomach.

Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis happens when too much iron builds up in the body. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of your blood that carries...

Her2 Neu breast cancer

Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) is a genetic protein that is in part responsible for how certain cancer cells grow, divide,...

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer

The average woman has a small chance of getting breast cancer and an even smaller chance of getting ovarian cancer. Your chances may be slightly...

Hereditary colon cancer

Colon cancer genetic testing is a blood test that can tell you whether you carry rare changed, or mutated, genes that can cause colon cancer....

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system, which is the network that carries lymph fluid, nutrients and waste material between the body...

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of breast cancer. It is often called IBC for short. Unlike other breast cancers, this...

Inguinal hernia

A hernia is a bulge of intestine, another organ, or fat through the muscles of the belly. A hernia can occur when there is weakness in the...

Invasive carcinoma of the breast (IDC)

This cancer starts in a milk duct, breaks through the wall of the duct, and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. From there, it can spread to...

Islet cell tumors (endocrine pancreas)

Islet cell tumors are abnormal cells that form in the tissues of the pancreas. An islet cell tumor may also be called a pancreatic endocrine tumor...

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx.   The larynx (voice box) is located just...

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.

Leukocytosis

Leukocytosis is an increase in the number of white blood cells found in the blood.

Leukopenia

Leukopenia is a decrease in the number of white blood cells found in the blood, which places individuals at increased risk of infection.

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following:...

Liver cancer

Adult primary liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver. Find more information at Providence...

Lobular carcinoma in situ

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a type of noninvasive breast cancer that is confined to the cells lining the very end of the milk ducts...

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. These cells can invade nearby tissue and form tumors. Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system.

Lymphedema

When the lymph vessels are damaged, lymph fluid cannot drain from tissues, causing the lymph fluid to back up leading to swelling, heaviness, stiffness, or aching - most often in the arms or legs.

Lynch syndrome

Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by an increased risk for colon cancer and cancer of the...

Male breast cancer

Many people believe that only women have breast cancer. Although male breast cancer is very rare, about 1 percent of breast cancers occur in men....

Mediastinal masses

Different types of masses, both benign (non-spreading or invading) and cancerous (able to spread or invade), develop in the mediastinum. Because of their location in this critical area, even benign masses can cause serious issues. The type of problem a tumor or mass may cause depends on its specific location within the mediastinum.

Melanoma, metastatic

When melanoma spreads (metastasizes), it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes. It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant...

Meningioma

A meningioma is a type of benign tumor that grows in the meninges, which are layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. Technically, a meningioma is not a brain tumor because it does not arise from brain tissue, but, it's often referred to as a brain tumor.

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma, or malignant mesothelioma, is a rare kind of cancer. It starts in the mesothelium, a thin lining that protects the outer surface of some organs, including the lungs, stomach/abdominal space and chest wall.

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not...

Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1

Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 is a rare genetic disorder in which benign (noncancerous) tumors arise from the cells of various glands...

Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is a genetic disorder associated with a high lifetime risk of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). It is...

Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a rare form of cancer characterized by excessive production (proliferation) and improper function of certain cells (plasma...

Myeloproliferative diseases

Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases are diseases in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells. These are diseases of the...

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the...

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor, that grows in nerve tissue of babies and young children. In most cases, neuroblastoma starts in the adrenal glands or the nerve fibers in the abdomen or near the spine in the chest, neck or lower belly (pelvis).

Neuroendocrine tumors

Carcinoid syndrome is a disease consisting of a combination of symptoms, physical manifestations and abnormal laboratory chemical findings caused...

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system is found throughout the...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Oligodendroglial tumors

An oligodendroglial tumor begins in brain cells called oligodendrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. Oligodendrocytes are a type of...

Oral complications of chemotherapy and head/neck radiation

The oral cavity is at high risk of side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy for a number of reasons. Chemotherapy and radiation...

Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that usually develops in the osteoblast cells that form bone. It happens most often in children, adolescents and young adults.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the ovaries. It is the fifth-most common cause of cancer deaths in women.

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, often caused when the duct that connects the pancreas and gallbladder is blocked by a gallstone, and usually caused by heavy alcohol use, medications, trauma, certain medical procedures, viruses, and toxins.

Polycythemia Vera

Polycythemia vera is a rare blood disorder in which there is an increase in all blood cells, particularly red blood cells. The increase in blood cells makes your blood thicker, which can lead to strokes or tissue and organ damage.

Primary myelofibrosis

Primary myelofibrosis is a rare bone marrow disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in blood cell production (hematopoiesis) and scarring...

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Renal cell cancer

There are many different types of kidney cancer, but the most common is called renal cell cancer, or RCC. Renal cell cancer is a disease in which...

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.

Sexuality concerns: cancer-related

The view you have about your body (your body image) may change when you have cancer. It is normal to be angry, frustrated or disappointed after...

Skin cancer

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It's the most common type of cancer, and it's almost always cured when it is found early...

Testis cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially...

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma

A thymoma is a tumor in the thymus gland. It is a rare, typically nonaggressive cancer that is occasionally found among people who have the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis. 

Tongue cancer

Tongue cancers are oral cancers that are differentiated by their location in the mouth and on the tongue. If the cancer is on the forward portion...

Tracheal cancer

Tracheal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the trachea.

Uterine leiomyosarcoma

A uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from the smooth muscle lining the walls of the uterus (myometrium).

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially when it is found early.