Related Conditions

Acoustic neuroma

An acoustic neuroma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor found on the eighth cranial nerve near the ear canal. This nerve is responsible for hearing...

Adrenal gland cancer

Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the outer layer of the adrenal gland. There are two adrenal...

Airway tumor

Bronchial tumors are slow-growing cancers in the trachea or in the large bronchi, the large airways of the lung. Symptoms include cough and...

Anal cancer

Anal cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the opening at the end of the rectum (anus). Anal cancer is uncommon and is often curable.

Atypical ductal hyperplasia

Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is an abnormal production of cells within the duct system of the breast. Women who have atypical ductal...

Bile duct cancer

Extrahepatic bile duct cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the part of the bile duct that is outside the liver.

Bladder cancer

Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In bladder cancer, these...

Bone cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Metastatic osteosarcoma or MFH has spread from the bone in which the cancer began to other parts of the body. The cancer most often spreads to the...

Brain tumor

An adult brain tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors....

BRCA1 and BRCA2 breast cancer

A woman's risk of breast and ovarian cancer is higher if she has BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene changes. Breast cancer is extremely rare in men, but BRCA2...

Breast cancer

Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. They can invade nearby tissues and form a mass, called a...

Breast cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Breast Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. All treatments for breast cancer work best when the cancer is...

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the...

Chest wall tumor

Chest wall tumors can occur when lung cancer has spread (metastasized) into the chest cavity. A chest CT scan is used most often to determine...

Colon polyps

Colon polyps are growths in the colon or rectum. The cause of most colon polyps is not known. A certain type of polyp called an adenomatous polyp...

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the abnormal growth of cancer cells in the large intestine. Colon cancer forms in the longest part of the large intestine,...

Colorectal cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Colon and rectal cancers often return months or years after treatment. This is called recurrent cancer. If the original cancer was removed before...

Cowden syndrome

The PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) is a spectrum of disorders caused by mutations of the PTEN gene. These disorders are characterized by...

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS or intraductal carcinoma) is a very early form of noninvasive breast cancer that begins in the lining of the small...

Duodenal cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the small intestine.

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The two most common forms of...

Ewing family of tumors

Ewing's sarcoma is a rare bone tumor that occurs most often in adolescents. It may also arise outside of the bone in soft tissue (extraosseous...

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by hundreds to thousands of precancerous...

Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.

Gastroesophageal junction cancer

Gastroesophageal junction cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the place where the esophagus is connected to the stomach.

Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors

Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. The wall of the stomach is made up of three...

Her2 Neu breast cancer

Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) is a genetic protein that is in part responsible for how certain cancer cells grow, divide,...

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer

The average woman has a small chance of getting breast cancer and an even smaller chance of getting ovarian cancer. Your chances may be slightly...

Hereditary colon cancer

Colon cancer genetic testing is a blood test that can tell you whether you carry rare changed, or mutated, genes that can cause colon cancer....

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system, which is the network that carries lymph fluid, nutrients and waste material between the body...

Hypopharyngeal cancer

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom...

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of breast cancer. It is often called IBC for short. Unlike other breast cancers, this...

Invasive carcinoma of the breast (IDC)

This cancer starts in a milk duct, breaks through the wall of the duct, and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. From there, it can spread to...

Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC)

This cancer starts in the mammary, or milk, glands (lobules) and can spread to other parts of the body. About 10 percent of breast cancers are this...

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx.   The larynx (voice box) is located just...

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following:...

Liver cancer

Adult primary liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver. Find more information at Providence...

Lobular carcinoma in situ

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a type of noninvasive breast cancer that is confined to the cells lining the very end of the milk ducts...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumors. Lung cancer can start...

Lung metastasis

Lung cancer may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites are the bones, the brain, the liver, the other lung, the...

Lung nodule

A lung nodule is an abnormality of the lung tissue. Nodules may grow to a large size and hinder or stop the air flow in the lungs' airways.

Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a collection of fluid that causes swelling (edema) in the arms and legs.

Lynch syndrome

Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by an increased risk for colon cancer and cancer of the...

Male breast cancer

Many people believe that only women have breast cancer. Although male breast cancer is very rare, about 1 percent of breast cancers occur in men....

Mediastinal tumor

Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the area that separates the lungs. This area contains the heart, large blood vessels, windpipe...

Meningioma

Meningiomas are benign, slow-growing tumors, classified as brain tumors but actually growing in the three protective membranes that surround the...

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the membrane that covers and protects various internal organs of the body (mesothelium). The...

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not...

Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1

Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 is a rare genetic disorder in which benign (noncancerous) tumors arise from the cells of various glands...

Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is a genetic disorder associated with a high lifetime risk of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). It is...

Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a rare form of cancer characterized by excessive production (proliferation) and improper function of certain cells (plasma...

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the...

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in nerve tissue of the adrenal gland, neck, chest or spinal cord....

Neuroendocrine tumors

Carcinoid syndrome is a disease consisting of a combination of symptoms, physical manifestations and abnormal laboratory chemical findings caused...

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system is found throughout the...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Oligodendroglial tumors

An oligodendroglial tumor begins in brain cells called oligodendrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. Oligodendrocytes are a type of...

Oral complications of chemotherapy and head/neck radiation

The oral cavity is at high risk of side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy for a number of reasons. Chemotherapy and radiation...

Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the bone are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form in bone. Osteosarcoma...

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the ovaries. It is the fifth-most common cause of cancer deaths in women.

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches...

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.

Peutz Jeghers syndrome

Peutz Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic condition characterized by multiple benign polyps called hamartomas on the mucous...

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Renal cell cancer

There are many different types of kidney cancer, but the most common is called renal cell cancer, or RCC. Renal cell cancer is a disease in which...

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.

Sarcoma, adult soft tissue cancer

Adult soft tissue sarcoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the soft tissues of the body. The soft tissues of the body...

Skin cancer, melanoma

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer that starts in the pigment-producing skin cells called melanocytes. These cells become abnormal, grow...

Skin cancer, non-melanoma

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It is the most common type of cancer. It is almost always cured when it is found early...

Small cell lung cancer

Small-cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are two types of small-cell lung...

Testis cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially...

Thoracic malignancy

Thoracic malignancies are a group of cancers of the chest that include lung cancer, mesothelioma, esophageal cancer, chest wall tumors, airway...

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form on the outside surface of the thymus. There are different...

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and...

Tongue cancer

Tongue cancers are oral cancers that are differentiated by their location in the mouth and on the tongue. If the cancer is on the forward portion...

Tracheal cancer

Tracheal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the trachea.

Uterine cancer

Endometrial cancer, also called uterine cancer, is the abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The cause of endometrial...

Uterine leiomyosarcoma

A uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from the smooth muscle lining the walls of the uterus (myometrium).

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the vagina.

Vulvar cancer

Vulvar cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the vulva. Vulvar cancer forms in a woman's external...

Adrenal adenomas

Adrenal adenomas are common benign tumors on the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. The hormones produced by the...

Astrocytic tumors

An astrocytic tumor begins in star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell...

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Islet cell tumors (endocrine pancreas)

Islet cell tumors are abnormal cells that form in the tissues of the pancreas. An islet cell tumor may also be called a pancreatic endocrine tumor...

Melanoma, metastatic

When melanoma spreads (metastasizes), it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes. It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant...