Related Conditions

Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)

Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital defect in which arteries and veins are tangled and not connected by capillaries. The lack of...

Back and Neck Pain

Back or neck pain can range from a mild, dull, annoying ache, to persistent, severe disabling pain that can restrict mobility and interfere with your quality of life.You should always consult your health care provider if you have persistent pain.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the carpal tunnel - an opening in your wrist that is formed by the carpal bones on the bottom of the wrist and the transverse carpal ligament across the top of the wrist.

Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disk disease (DDD) is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes of the disks in the spine as a person ages....

Dementia

Dementia is a loss of mental skills that affects your daily life. It can cause problems with your memory and how well you can think and plan....

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage due to diabetes. Over time, high blood sugar (glucose) can damage the tiny blood vessels that supply your nerves, especially in the legs.

Dizziness

Learn what to do when you feels dizzy or woozy; like your head or the room is spinning or tilting.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Eye problems with vision changes

Vision changes that occur gradually over time or that seem to come and go are usually less serious than changes that occur suddenly and persist....

Head Injury

Learn what do do if you have an injury to the head, scalp, skull or brain.

Headaches

Headaches are one of the most common pain-related health problems in both children and adults. You may have a headache along with another minor...

Herniated disk

The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small, spongy disks. When these disks are healthy, they act as shock...

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Some older people have greater memory and cognitive difficulties than do those undergoing normal aging, but their symptoms are not so severe as to...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.

Nonepileptic events

People with nonepileptic seizures (NES) have periods of seizure-like activity. NES are characterized by a loss of or change in physical function...

Pituitary Tumors

A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland - a small gland in the brain.

Primary lateral sclerosis

Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a rare, neuromuscular disorder that affects the central motor neurons and is characterized by painless but...

Progressive muscular atrophy

Progressive muscular atrophy is a rare type of ALS which affects only the lower motor neurons.  (ALS affects both the upper and lower motor neurons.)

Sciatica

Sciatica is a condition that causes pain in the lower back that spreads down into the buttock, hip, and leg. Sciatica happens when a spinal nerve is irritated or has pressure put on it as comes out of the spinal canal in the lower back; it is most often caused by a bulge or rupture of a nearby spinal disk, a narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis) or spasm of the muscle in the buttocks that the sciatic nerve passes through (pyriform muscle).

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine measuring 10 degrees or greater, with the spine looking like an "S" or "C." and making it look like the person is leaning to one side.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and pinches the nerves. This results in back and leg pain.

Spondylosis

Spondylosis is degeneration of the spine.

Stroke

Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

A subarachnoid hemorrhage means that there is bleeding in the space that surrounds the brain; most often, it occurs when a weak area in a blood vessel (aneurysm) on the surface of the brain bursts and leaks. Increasing pressure on the brain can cause brain cell damage, life-long complications and disabilities.

Temporal lobe epilepsy

Temporal lobe epilepsy involves the portions of the brain that control emotions and memory. The temporal lobes are located on each side of the head...

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is pain caused by irritation of the trigeminal nerve on your face. Symptoms include sudden, sharp pain in your head or face (it may feel like an electric shock) and may last for several seconds or minutes. It usually happens on only one side of your face.

Vascular Dementia

Vascular (or multi-infarct) dementia refers to a decline in a person's mental abilities that results from a series of strokes.

Brain Tumor

Your body is constantly growing new cells to replace older ones. A tumor occurs when cells begin to grow abnormally and without control.

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. Many things can cause impaired hearing, including tinnitus, presbycusis (age-related hearing loss), and hereditary causes, among others.

Altered mental status

Delirium is a sudden change in how well a person's brain is working (mental status). Delirium can cause confusion, change the sleep-wake cycles,...

Aphasia

Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and comprehension. Aphasia leaves a person unable to communicate effectively with others.

Fever seizures

Fever seizures (sometimes called fever convulsions) are uncontrolled muscle spasms that can occur in children who have a rapid increase in body...

Generalized seizures

Epilepsy that causes generalized seizures is more common in children than in adults. Unlike partial seizures, which begin in a specific, often...

Hallucinations

A hallucination is a perception of something that is not really there. A hallucination can involve any of the senses: hearing, sight, smell, taste,...

Lennox-Gastaut syndrome

Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a rare disorder that typically becomes apparent during infancy or early childhood. The disorder is characterized...

Psychosis

Psychosis is a symptom of certain mental health problems. It involves perceiving reality differently from those around you. The difference between reality and what you think become blurred in your mind. Other mental health conditions, physical diseases, traumatic experiences, or drugs and toxins may bring on psychotic symptoms or behavior.

Rolandic epilepsy

Benign focal childhood epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy in children, causing seizures that make the muscles all over the body stiffen and...

Tonic-clonic seizures

Generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures are the easiest seizures to recognize. They happen most often in people with generalized epilepsy of...

Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic neuroma is a rare noncancerous tumor. It grows slowly from an overproduction of Schwann cells and is also called a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor then presses on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear.

Moyamoya disease

A dangerous “puff of smoke” Moyamoya disease causes major blood vessels at the base of the brain to become progressively narrower and...

Spinal tumor

Spinal tumors are growths that develop on the bones and ligaments of the spine, on the spinal cord, or on nerve roots. These tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

Kyphosis

An abnormally curved upper back, or dowager's hump, develops when the bones of the upper spine (vertebrae) become thin and brittle (known as osteoporosis) and collapse on each other.