Related Conditions

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...

Acne

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

Allergies

For most people, allergies mean itchy eyes and a drippy nose. But for a few people, allergies to things like bee stings or nuts cause a whole-body reaction that can be life-threatening. Whether your allergies are dangerous or just annoying, the information in our Learning Center can help you cope.

Angelman syndrome

Angelman syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder characterized by the following: severe developmental delays and learning disabilities;...

Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is a potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by self-starvation and weight loss. There are two subtypes. In the...

Anxiety Disorders

Detailed information on the most common types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and phobias.

Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which a person has trouble paying attention and focusing on tasks, tends to act...

Atypical eating disorders

Atypical eating disorders, or eating disorders not otherwise specified, is a diagnostic term used when many but not all the criteria are met for...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Bulimia

Bulimia is an eating disorder. People with bulimia are overly concerned with their body shape and weight. They will overeat (binge) then follow this with vomiting, laxative or enema abuse (purge) to maintain body weight. An affected person may also fast, follow extreme diets or over-exercise.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of non-progressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function, body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance.

Cerumen impaction

Earwax (cerumen) is normally produced only in the outer half of the ear canal and will not become deeply impacted unless it is pushed in. The ear...

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common childhood disease. It causes an itchy, blistering rash and is easily spread to others.

Cleft palate

Cleft palate is a treatable birth defect. It happens when the roof of the baby's mouth (palate) does not develop normally during pregnancy, leaving...

Colic

Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time, for no obvious reason. It is a common problem that affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life.

Communication, speech and language disorders

A child's failure to reach speech and language milestones as expected may be a "red flag," or warning, indicating a speech and language...

Congenital heart defect

Congenital heart defects are problems with how a baby's heart forms. "Congenital" means that the heart problem develops before the baby is born or...

Congenital torticollis

Torticollis, also known as "wryneck," is a condition in which your baby's head is tilted. The chin points to one shoulder, while the head tilts...

Constipation, Age 11 and Younger

Constipation occurs when stools become hard and are difficult to pass. Some parents are overly concerned about how often their child has bowel...

Constipation, Age 12 and Older

Constipation occurs when stools are difficult to pass. Some people are overly concerned with the frequency of their bowel movements because they...

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a skin rash caused by something that touches the skin and makes it irritated and inflamed. Your skin may be red, swollen, dry, and may be cracked. Blisters may form and ooze. The rash will itch.

Contusion

Bruises (contusions) occur when small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture, most often from a twist, bump, or fall. Blood leaks into...

Costello syndrome

Costello syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body (multisystem disorder). Costello syndrome is...

Cough

Health advice for those with a dry cough, with little to no clear-white phlegm; or a wet cough, where there is yellow, green or brown phlegm.

Croup

Croup is a disease that causes swelling in the upper portion of the airway in the neck and problems breathing. Children with croup often have a high-pitched “creaking” or whistling sound when breathing in; this is called stridor.

Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body loses too much fluid. This can happen when you stop drinking water or lose large amounts of fluid through...

Developmental delay

Developmental delays are present when a child does not demonstrate abilities and skills commonly found in other children in the same age group....

Developmental disability

Developmental disabilities are a group of problems that often include difficulty with physical, intellectual (thinking and reasoning), social or...

Diaper Rash

Learn to identify the signs and symptoms of diaper rash - a skin problem caused by the skin staying wet, rubbing from the diaper, and contact with chemicals in the urine and stool, causing skin to look red, raw, scalded, or burned - and when you should call the doctor.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is the sudden increase in the frequency and looseness of bowel movements (BMs); mild diarrhea is the passage of a few loose or mushy BMs; severe diarrhea is the passage of many watery BMs.

Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children with Down syndrome tend to have...

Dysphagia

When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia and it can lead to aspiration—food or other material entering the airways or lungs.

Eczema, atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, sometimes called eczema, is a condition that causes dry skin, intense itching and a red, raised rash. For some people, atopic...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.

Fever, Age 11 and Younger

Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. Fevers help the body fight infection....

Fever, Age 12 and Older

Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. It helps the body fight infection. Fever...

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Babies and Children

Gastroesophageal reflux happens when food and stomach acid flow from the stomach back into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

High risk neonate

Infants born between 22 and 26 weeks of pregnancy are called "extremely premature." If your infant is born this early, you likely will face some...

Hives

Hives are an itchy rash made up of raised pink bumps with pale centers, that comes and goes.

Infant sleep apnea

Apnea is a term used to describe the temporary absence of spontaneous breathing. Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one year....

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation) is a decreased ability to think and learn. It is caused by a problem with how the...

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Lactose Intolerance

People with lactose intolerance cannot digest dairy products; undigested lactose in the gut cannot be absorbed, which can cause nausea, cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhea and foul-smelling stools.

Learning disabilities

Learning disabilities are disorders of the basic processes involved in understanding or using the spoken or written language. They can cause...

Low birth weight

Babies born weighing less than 5 1/2 pounds are considered low birthweight, and are at increased risk for serious health problems as newborns,...

Maternal alcohol or drug use

Alcohol and drugs can cause problems for you during your pregnancy and when it is time for your baby to be born. They can also affect your baby...

Medically fragile child

“Medically fragile child” refers to children whose complex medical conditions require professional nursing monitoring and supervision on a 24-hour...

Motor development delay

A motor skill is the ability to move your body to carry out a task. Motor skills require the brain, nerves, skeleton, joints and muscles to work...

Motion sickness

If you've ever been sick to your stomach on a rocking boat or a bumpy airplane ride, you know the discomfort of motion sickness. Although it...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles; it causes the muscles in the body to become very weak.

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 11 and Younger

Vomiting occurs when a child's stomach contents are forced up the esophagus and out of the mouth. Although nausea may accompany vomiting in adults...

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older

Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth....

Newborn feeding problems

You may be unsure about how to begin breast-feeding. A lactation consultant is available at many hospitals and birthing centers. These consultants...

Normal newborn

Babies are called newborns during their first month of life. Although your newborn sleeps a lot, powerful changes are occurring in the five major...

Objects in the ear

Objects (foreign bodies) inserted into the ear usually do not cause significant damage. But objects that are inserted forcefully can damage the...

Objects in the eye

Objects may scratch the surface of the eye (cornea) or may become stuck on the eye. If the cornea is scratched, it can be hard to tell when you...

Otitis externa

Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation or infection of the ear canal, the passage that leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. This...

Otitis media

Ear infections (acute otitis media) occur in the space behind the eardrum, which is called the middle ear. Ear infections are more likely to occur...

Parasomnias

Parasomnias are undesirable physical activities that occur during sleep involving skeletal muscle activity, nervous system changes, or both. Night...

Pediatric obesity

Excessive weight in children and adolescents is becoming an increasingly serious problem. In the United States, 13 percent of children aged 6 to...

Pertussis

Whooping cough is a disease that causes very severe coughing that may last for months. You can cough so hard that you hurt a rib. Whooping cough is...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

Poisoning

Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home by following the directions from a poison control center or your child's doctor. At other times, you may need emergency medical care.

Polio

Poliomyelitis, most often called polio, is spread by a virus and can cause paralysis. The disease is now rare in the U.S. because of a vaccine against the virus. However, polio still exists in a few countries.

Premature birth

Pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. A baby born 3 or more weeks early is premature. Babies who are born closer to their due dates tend to...

Rashes

Healthy skin is a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means a change has affected the skin. Rashes generally...

Respiratory Problems, Age 11 and Younger

The upper respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat. A child with an upper respiratory infection may feel uncomfortable and...

Rhinitis, allergic

Allergic rhinitis, often called allergies or hay fever, occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe—you are...

Rosacea

Rosacea is a long-lasting (chronic) skin condition affecting the face. In the early stages it causes easy flushing or blushing. It looks like a bad case of acne, and has been called adult acne.

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection with streptococcal bacteria. These are the same bacteria that cause strep throat.

Sensory integration dysfunction

Children with sensory integration dysfunction have difficulty processing information from the senses (touch, movement, smell, taste, vision and...

Shaken baby syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse. It refers to brain injury that happens to the child. It occurs when someone shakes a baby or...

Strep throat

Strep throat is an infection in the throat and the tonsils caused by streptococcal (strep) bacteria. The throat gets irritated and inflamed,...

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Sometimes a baby who seems healthy dies during sleep. This is called sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. SIDS is also known as crib death. In...

Sunburn

A sunburn is an injury to the skin. It is caused by over-exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. The skin becomes pink or red and painful. Very severe sunburns may cause blistering and fluid draining from the skin.

Swallowed objects

Sometimes when you try to swallow, the swallowed substance "goes down the wrong way" and gets inhaled into your windpipe or lungs (aspirated). This...

Teeth grinding

Bruxism is the unconscious act of grinding the teeth, usually at night during sleep. Bruxism has been observed in people of all ages, including...

Tonsillitis

What is tonsillitis? Tonsillitis is an infection or inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are balls of lymphatic tissue on both sides of...

Trisomy 13

Trisomy 13 syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of chromosome 13 appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in...

Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.