Related Conditions

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes minor and serious abdominal problems start with the same symptoms. Fortunately,...

Acne

Acne is a skin problem that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Acne can range from mild to severe acne, which can mean...

Allergies

For most people, allergies mean itchy eyes and a drippy nose. But for a few people, allergies to things like bee stings or nuts cause a whole-body...

Angelman syndrome

Angelman syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder characterized by the following: severe developmental delays and learning disabilities;...

Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is a potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by self-starvation and weight loss. There are two subtypes. In the...

Anxiety Disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder occurs when you feel worried and stressed about many everyday events and activities. In this disorder, often the...

Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. The...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease of the respiratory system that causes inflammation and spasm or tightening in the bronchial tubes, which...

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which a person has trouble paying attention and focusing on tasks, tends to act...

Atypical eating disorders

Atypical eating disorders, or eating disorders not otherwise specified, is a diagnostic term used when many but not all the criteria are met for...

Autism

Autism is a brain disorder that often makes it hard to communicate with and relate to others. With autism, the different areas of the brain fail...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...

Bulimia

Bulimia nervosa is a life-threatening disorder that can afflict males and females who are of normal weight, underweight or overweight. People who...

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is a group of problems that affects body movement and posture. It is related to a brain injury or to problems with brain growth....

Cerumen impaction

Earwax (cerumen) is normally produced only in the outer half of the ear canal and will not become deeply impacted unless it is pushed in. The ear...

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. It is most common in children, but most...

Cleft palate

Cleft palate is a treatable birth defect. It happens when the roof of the baby's mouth (palate) does not develop normally during pregnancy, leaving...

Colic

All babies cry, but sometimes a baby will cry for hours at a time, no matter what you do. This extreme type of crying in a baby between 3 weeks and...

Communication, speech and language disorders

A child's failure to reach speech and language milestones as expected may be a "red flag," or warning, indicating a speech and language...

Congenital heart defect

Congenital heart defects are problems with how a baby's heart forms. "Congenital" means that the heart problem develops before the baby is born or...

Congenital torticollis

Torticollis, also known as "wryneck," is a condition in which your baby's head is tilted. The chin points to one shoulder, while the head tilts...

Constipation, Age 11 and Younger

Constipation occurs when stools become hard and are difficult to pass. Some parents are overly concerned about how often their child has bowel...

Constipation, Age 12 and Older

Constipation occurs when stools are difficult to pass. Some people are overly concerned with the frequency of their bowel movements because they...

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an acute or chronic skin inflammation triggered by substances that come in contact with the skin. Affected individuals may...

Contusion

Bruises (contusions) occur when small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture, most often from a twist, bump, or fall. Blood leaks into...

Costello syndrome

Costello syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body (multisystem disorder). Costello syndrome is...

Cough

Coughing is your body's way of getting foreign substances and mucus out of your lungs and upper airway passages. Coughs are often useful, and you...

Croup

Croup is a common respiratory problem in young children. It tends to occur in the fall and winter. Its main symptom is a harsh, barking cough....

Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body loses too much fluid. This can happen when you stop drinking water or lose large amounts of fluid through...

Developmental delay

Developmental delays are present when a child does not demonstrate abilities and skills commonly found in other children in the same age group....

Developmental disability

Developmental disabilities are a group of problems that often include difficulty with physical, intellectual (thinking and reasoning), social or...

Diaper rash

Diaper rash (diaper dermatitis) is a skin problem caused by the skin staying wet, rubbing from the diaper, and contact with chemicals in the urine...

Diarrhea

Diarrhea occurs when there is an increase in the number of bowel movements or bowel movements are more watery and loose than normal. When the...

Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children with Down syndrome tend to have...

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is usually a sign of a problem with your throat or esophagus—the muscular tube that moves food...

Eczema, atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, sometimes called eczema, is a skin problem that causes dry skin, intense itching, and then a red, raised rash. It's most common...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Failure to thrive

Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more slowly than other children of his or her age and...

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a characteristic pattern of mental and physical birth defects that results from maternal use of alcohol during...

Fever, Age 11 and Younger

Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. Fevers help the body fight infection....

Fever, Age 12 and Older

Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. It helps the body fight infection. Fever...

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Babies and Children

Gastroesophageal reflux happens when food and stomach acid flow from the stomach back into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

High risk neonate

Infants born between 22 and 26 weeks of pregnancy are called "extremely premature." If your infant is born this early, you likely will face some...

Hives

Hives (urticaria) are an allergic reaction of the skin that may last a few minutes or can persist for a few days. They appear as raised, red, itchy...

Infant sleep apnea

Apnea is a term used to describe the temporary absence of spontaneous breathing. Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one year....

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation) is a decreased ability to think and learn. It is caused by a problem with how the...

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance means the body cannot easily digest lactose, a type of natural sugar found in milk and dairy products. When lactose moves...

Learning disabilities

Learning disabilities are disorders of the basic processes involved in understanding or using the spoken or written language. They can cause...

Low birth weight

Babies born weighing less than 5 1/2 pounds are considered low birthweight, and are at increased risk for serious health problems as newborns,...

Maternal alcohol or drug use

Alcohol and drugs can cause problems for you during your pregnancy and when it is time for your baby to be born. They can also affect your baby...

Medically fragile child

“Medically fragile child” refers to children whose complex medical conditions require professional nursing monitoring and supervision on a 24-hour...

Motor development delay

A motor skill is the ability to move your body to carry out a task. Motor skills require the brain, nerves, skeleton, joints and muscles to work...

Motion sickness

If you've ever been sick to your stomach on a rocking boat or a bumpy airplane ride, you know the discomfort of motion sickness. Although it...

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, often called MS, is a disease that affects the central nervous system—the brain and spinal cord. It can cause problems with...

Muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare muscle disorder, but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions, affecting approximately 1 in...

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 11 and Younger

Vomiting occurs when a child's stomach contents are forced up the esophagus and out of the mouth. Although nausea may accompany vomiting in adults...

Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older

Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth....

Newborn feeding problems

You may be unsure about how to begin breast-feeding. A lactation consultant is available at many hospitals and birthing centers. These consultants...

Normal newborn

Babies are called newborns during their first month of life. Although your newborn sleeps a lot, powerful changes are occurring in the five major...

Nosebleed

Most nosebleeds occur in the front of the nose and involve only one nostril. Some blood may drain down the back of the nose into the throat. These...

Objects in the ear

Objects (foreign bodies) inserted into the ear usually do not cause significant damage. But objects that are inserted forcefully can damage the...

Objects in the eye

Objects may scratch the surface of the eye (cornea) or may become stuck on the eye. If the cornea is scratched, it can be hard to tell when you...

Otitis externa

Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation or infection of the ear canal, the passage that leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. This...

Otitis media

Ear infections (acute otitis media) occur in the space behind the eardrum, which is called the middle ear. Ear infections are more likely to occur...

Parasomnias

Parasomnias are undesirable physical activities that occur during sleep involving skeletal muscle activity, nervous system changes, or both. Night...

Pediatric obesity

Excessive weight in children and adolescents is becoming an increasingly serious problem. In the United States, 13 percent of children aged 6 to...

Pertussis

Whooping cough is a disease that causes very severe coughing that may last for months. You can cough so hard that you hurt a rib. Whooping cough is...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can make you very sick. You may cough, run a fever, and have a hard time breathing. For most people, pneumonia...

Poisoning

A poison is a substance that has toxic effects and may injure you or make you sick if you are exposed to it. Poisons can be found everywhere, from...

Polio

Polio (poliomyelitis) is a viral illness that damages nerves that control muscles, resulting in muscle weakness. In severe illnesses, a person can...

Premature birth

Pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. A baby born 3 or more weeks early is premature. Babies who are born closer to their due dates tend to...

Rash, Age 11 and Younger

Healthy skin is a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means some change has affected the skin. A rash is...

Rash, Age 12 and Older

Healthy skin provides a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash means some change has affected the skin. Rashes...

Respiratory Problems, Age 11 and Younger

The upper respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat. A child with an upper respiratory infection may feel uncomfortable and...

Rhinitis, allergic

Allergic rhinitis, often called allergies or hay fever, occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe—you are...

Rosacea

Rosacea (say “roh-ZAY-sha”) is a skin disease that causes redness and pimples on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead.  It can also cause burning...

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a term used for strep throat with a rash. Scarlet fever is most common in children ages 2 to 10, but it can affect people of any...

Sensory integration dysfunction

Children with sensory integration dysfunction have difficulty processing information from the senses (touch, movement, smell, taste, vision and...

Shaken baby syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse. It refers to brain injury that happens to the child. It occurs when someone shakes a baby or...

Strep throat

Strep throat is an infection in the throat and the tonsils caused by streptococcal (strep) bacteria. The throat gets irritated and inflamed,...

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Sometimes a baby who seems healthy dies during sleep. This is called sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. SIDS is also known as crib death. In...

Sunburn

A sunburn is skin damage from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most sunburns cause mild pain and redness but affect only the outer layer of skin....

Swallowed objects

Sometimes when you try to swallow, the swallowed substance "goes down the wrong way" and gets inhaled into your windpipe or lungs (aspirated). This...

Teeth grinding

Bruxism is the unconscious act of grinding the teeth, usually at night during sleep. Bruxism has been observed in people of all ages, including...

Tonsillitis

What is tonsillitis? Tonsillitis is an infection or inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are balls of lymphatic tissue on both sides of...

Trisomy 13

Trisomy 13 syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of chromosome 13 appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that lets sugar (glucose) move from the...