Parathyroid surgery

Also known as: Parathyroidectomy, Surgery to remove the parathyroid gland

The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located within the thyroid gland in the neck. They produce parathyroid hormone, which helps control the amount of calcium in the blood. If your parathyroid gland is too big (enlarged), it can cause your body to produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), which may lead to too much calcium in the urine. This makes it more likely you will have calcium kidney stones.