MMK paravaginal repair

Also known as: Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz procedure, Retropubic suspension surgery, Burch colposuspension procedure
Retropubic suspension surgery is used to treat urinary incontinence by lifting the sagging bladder neck and urethra that have dropped abnormally low in the pelvic area. Retropubic suspension is abdominal surgery, where access to the bladder and urethra is gained by making an incision in the abdominal wall. The most common procedures used for retropubic suspension are: Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz (MMK) procedure, in which the urethra and/or the bladder are attached to a sturdy structure in the pelvis such as the back of the pubic bone. Burch colposuspension procedure, in which the vaginal wall is attached to a ligament (Cooper's ligament) next to the pubic bone.