Related Conditions

Adrenal adenomas

Adrenal adenomas are common benign tumors on the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. The hormones produced by the...

Adrenal gland cancer

Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the outer layer of the adrenal gland. There are two adrenal...

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive condition that damages areas of the brain involved in memory, intelligence, judgment, language and behavior....

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease in which certain nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord slowly die. These nerve cells are...

Anal cancer

Anal cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the opening at the end of the rectum (anus). Anal cancer is uncommon and is often curable.

Angina

Angina is a type of chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood flow to the heart. This is often a result of narrowing of the blood...

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm (say “a-OR-tik AN-yuh-rih-zum”) is a bulge in a section of the aorta, the body’s main artery. The aorta carries oxygen-rich...

Aortic valve stenosis

The heart has four chambers. In the lower left chamber (left ventricle), the aortic valve works like a one-way gate. When the heart pumps, the...

Arrhythmia

An abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) is any variation in the normal heartbeat. Abnormal heartbeats occur when the heart has an irregular heart...

Astrocytic tumors

An astrocytic tumor begins in star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell...

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (say “A-tree-uhl fih-bruh-LAY-shun”) is an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper parts (atria) of the...

Atrial septal defect (ASD)

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a group of rare disorders of the heart that are present at birth (congenital) and involve a hole in the wall...

Atypical ductal hyperplasia

Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is an abnormal production of cells within the duct system of the breast. Women who have atypical ductal...

Bile duct cancer

Extrahepatic bile duct cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the part of the bile duct that is outside the liver.

Bladder cancer

Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In bladder cancer, these...

Bone cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Metastatic osteosarcoma or MFH has spread from the bone in which the cancer began to other parts of the body. The cancer most often spreads to the...

Brain tumor

An adult brain tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors....

BRCA1 and BRCA2 breast cancer

A woman's risk of breast and ovarian cancer is higher if she has BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene changes. Breast cancer is extremely rare in men, but BRCA2...

Breast cancer

Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. They can invade nearby tissues and form a mass, called a...

Breast cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Breast Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. All treatments for breast cancer work best when the cancer is...

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is a group of problems that affects body movement and posture. It is related to a brain injury or to problems with brain growth....

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the...

Chest wall tumor

Chest wall tumors can occur when lung cancer has spread (metastasized) into the chest cavity. A chest CT scan is used most often to determine...

Chronic ischemic heart disease

Chronic ischemic heart disease is a condition that causes reduced circulation of blood to the heart.

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease occurs when damage to the kidneys causes reduced kidney function. Kidney disease has usually been present for many years and...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the abnormal growth of cancer cells in the large intestine. Colon cancer forms in the longest part of the large intestine,...

Colorectal cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Colon and rectal cancers often return months or years after treatment. This is called recurrent cancer. If the original cancer was removed before...

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) are not able to pump blood effectively. When the heart muscle...

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood...

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky. This glue-like mucus builds up and causes problems in many...

Dementia

Dementia is a loss of mental skills that affects your daily life. It can cause problems with your memory and how well you can think and plan....

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition in which sugar (glucose) remains in the blood rather than entering the body’s cells to be used for energy. This...

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition that weakens your heart muscle and causes it to stretch, or dilate. When your heart muscle is weak,...

Duodenal cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the small intestine.

Dizziness

Dizziness is a word that is often used to describe two different feelings. It is important to know exactly what you mean when you say "I feel...

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS or intraductal carcinoma) is a very early form of noninvasive breast cancer that begins in the lining of the small...

Endocarditis

Endocarditis is an infection of the heart's valves or its inner lining (endocardium). It is most common in people who have a damaged, diseased, or...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The two most common forms of...

Ewing family of tumors

Ewing's sarcoma is a rare bone tumor that occurs most often in adolescents. It may also arise outside of the bone in soft tissue (extraosseous...

Fall prevention

Injuries from falls may be more likely among older adults and in people who have had a stroke or have multiple sclerosis or osteoporosis.

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by hundreds to thousands of precancerous...

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues above and below the waist and on both sides of the body. Fibromyalgia is a...

Fractures

A fracture is a break in a bone. Fractures can range from a hairline crack in the bone to the bone being broken into two or more pieces that...

Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.

Gastroesophageal junction cancer

Gastroesophageal junction cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the place where the esophagus is connected to the stomach.

Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors

Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. The wall of the stomach is made up of three...

Head injury

Most injuries to the head are minor. Bumps, cuts, and scrapes on the head and face usually heal well and can be treated the same as injuries to...

Heart attack

A heart attack—also called myocardial infarction or MI—occurs when an area of heart muscle is completely deprived of blood, and the heart muscle...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

Her2 Neu breast cancer

Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) is a genetic protein that is in part responsible for how certain cancer cells grow, divide,...

Hereditary colon cancer

Colon cancer genetic testing is a blood test that can tell you whether you carry rare changed, or mutated, genes that can cause colon cancer....

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer

The average woman has a small chance of getting breast cancer and an even smaller chance of getting ovarian cancer. Your chances may be slightly...

Hip fracture

A hip fracture is more than a broken bone. If you are older, breaking your hip can mean a major change in your life. You will likely need surgery,...

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system, which is the network that carries lymph fluid, nutrients and waste material between the body...

Hypopharyngeal cancer

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom...

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of breast cancer. It is often called IBC for short. Unlike other breast cancers, this...

Interstitial lung disease (ILD)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an inflammatory lung disorder of unknown origin (idiopathic) characterized by abnormal formation of fibrous tissue...

Invasive carcinoma of the breast (IDC)

This cancer starts in a milk duct, breaks through the wall of the duct, and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. From there, it can spread to...

Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC)

This cancer starts in the mammary, or milk, glands (lobules) and can spread to other parts of the body. About 10 percent of breast cancers are this...

Islet cell tumors (endocrine pancreas)

Islet cell tumors are abnormal cells that form in the tissues of the pancreas. An islet cell tumor may also be called a pancreatic endocrine tumor...

Kidney failure

Acute renal failure (also called acute kidney injury) means that your kidneys have suddenly stopped working. Your kidneys remove waste products and...

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx.   The larynx (voice box) is located just...

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following:...

Liver cancer

Adult primary liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver. Find more information at Providence...

Liver disease

Liver diseases can include cirrhosis, infections (such as hepatitis) and liver tumors.

Lobular carcinoma in situ

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a type of noninvasive breast cancer that is confined to the cells lining the very end of the milk ducts...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumors. Lung cancer can start...

Lung metastasis

Lung cancer may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites are the bones, the brain, the liver, the other lung, the...

Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a collection of fluid that causes swelling (edema) in the arms and legs.

Male breast cancer

Many people believe that only women have breast cancer. Although male breast cancer is very rare, about 1 percent of breast cancers occur in men....

Mediastinal tumor

Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the area that separates the lungs. This area contains the heart, large blood vessels, windpipe...

Melanoma, metastatic

When melanoma spreads (metastasizes), it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes. It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant...

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Meningioma

Meningiomas are benign, slow-growing tumors, classified as brain tumors but actually growing in the three protective membranes that surround the...

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the membrane that covers and protects various internal organs of the body (mesothelium). The...

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not...

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Some older people have greater memory and cognitive difficulties than do those undergoing normal aging, but their symptoms are not so severe as to...

Mitral valve disease

Mitral valve stenosis is a heart problem in which the mitral valve doesn't open as wide as it should. It is a lifelong disease. When you first...

Mitral valve prolapse

Your mitral valve controls blood flow on the left side of your heart. The valve opens and closes with each heartbeat. It works like a one-way gate,...

Mitral valve regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation means that one of the valves in your heart—the mitral valve—is letting blood leak backward into the heart. Heart...

Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a rare form of cancer characterized by excessive production (proliferation) and improper function of certain cells (plasma...

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, often called MS, is a disease that affects the central nervous system—the brain and spinal cord. It can cause problems with...

Muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare muscle disorder, but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions, affecting approximately 1 in...

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. Myocarditis may occur after a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection, such as diphtheria, rheumatic...

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the...

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in nerve tissue of the adrenal gland, neck, chest or spinal cord....

Neuroendocrine tumors

Carcinoid syndrome is a disease consisting of a combination of symptoms, physical manifestations and abnormal laboratory chemical findings caused...

Nonepileptic events

People with nonepileptic seizures (NES) have periods of seizure-like activity. NES are characterized by a loss of or change in physical function...

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system is found throughout the...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Occupational and other respiratory diseases

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be...

Oligodendroglial tumors

An oligodendroglial tumor begins in brain cells called oligodendrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. Oligodendrocytes are a type of...

Oral complications of chemotherapy and head/neck radiation

The oral cavity is at high risk of side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy for a number of reasons. Chemotherapy and radiation...

Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the bone are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form in bone. Osteosarcoma...

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the ovaries. It is the fifth-most common cause of cancer deaths in women.

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland about 6 inches...

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer

Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain. Normally, these nerve...

Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

A small opening between the two atria (foramen ovale) is present at birth. Shortly after birth, the atrial septum gradually grows and seals this...

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a swelling and irritation of the pericardium, which is the sac that surrounds your heart. Most of the time the cause is either...

Primary lateral sclerosis

Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a rare, neuromuscular disorder that affects the central motor neurons and is characterized by painless but...

Progressive muscular atrophy

Progressive muscular atrophy is a rare type of ALS which affects only the lower motor neurons.  (ALS affects both the upper and lower motor neurons.)

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare degenerative neurological disorder characterized by loss of balance and impaired walking; loss of...

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Renal cell cancer

There are many different types of kidney cancer, but the most common is called renal cell cancer, or RCC. Renal cell cancer is a disease in which...

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.

Sarcoma, adult soft tissue cancer

Adult soft tissue sarcoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the soft tissues of the body. The soft tissues of the body...

Seizures

Seizures are the only visible symptom of epilepsy. There are different kinds of seizures, and symptoms of each type can affect people differently....

Senior health

As we age, we have special health concerns. They can range from memory loss and broken hips to concerns about exercising safely. Our topics can...

Skin cancer, melanoma

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer that starts in the pigment-producing skin cells called melanocytes. These cells become abnormal, grow...

Skin cancer, non-melanoma

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It is the most common type of cancer. It is almost always cured when it is found early...

Small cell lung cancer

Small-cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are two types of small-cell lung...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die....

Supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) means that from time to time your heart beats very fast for a reason other than exercise, high fever, or stress....

Temporal lobe epilepsy

Temporal lobe epilepsy involves the portions of the brain that control emotions and memory. The temporal lobes are located on each side of the head...

Testis cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially...

Thoracic malignancy

Thoracic malignancies are a group of cancers of the chest that include lung cancer, mesothelioma, esophageal cancer, chest wall tumors, airway...

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form on the outside surface of the thymus. There are different...

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and...

Tongue cancer

Tongue cancers are oral cancers that are differentiated by their location in the mouth and on the tongue. If the cancer is on the forward portion...

Tracheal cancer

Tracheal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the trachea.

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini-stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long. A TIA...

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that lets sugar (glucose) move from the...

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become...

Tracheostomy

A tracheostomy is a hole is made in the front of the neck to allow a patient to breathe following a total laryngectomy or to treat sleep apnea.

Uterine leiomyosarcoma

A uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from the smooth muscle lining the walls of the uterus (myometrium).

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the vagina.

Ventricular fibrillation

Fast heart rhythms that begin in the lower chambers of the heart are called ventricular arrhythmias. They usually are fast and regular, such as...

Ventricular tachycardia

Ventricular tachycardia is a fast heart rhythm that starts in the lower part of the heart (ventricles). If left untreated, some forms of...

Vulvar cancer

Vulvar cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the vulva. Vulvar cancer forms in a woman's external...

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is an abnormal electrical connection (or bypass tract) between the atria and ventricles of the heart. The bypass...

Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can range from a mild concussion to a severe head injury. It is caused by a blow to the head or body, a wound that...