Related Conditions

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart beats in an irregular pattern. It is caused by a problem in the heart's electrical pathways. It can be a sign of heart disease or other health problems that affect the heart.

Cancer

Facing cancer can be scary, and most people have lots of questions. Our cancer topics cover many types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon...

Atypical ductal hyperplasia

Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is an abnormal production of cells within the duct system of the breast. Women who have atypical ductal...

Bladder cancer

Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In bladder cancer, these...

Brain Tumor

Your body is constantly growing new cells to replace older ones. A tumor occurs when cells begin to grow abnormally and without control.

Breast cancer, metastatic or recurrent

Breast Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. All treatments for breast cancer work best when the cancer is...

Chronic ischemic heart disease

Chronic ischemic heart disease is a condition that causes reduced circulation of blood to the heart.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, is when the heart chambers enlarge and lose their ability to contract. As the heart chamber widens, it becomes weak and does not contract well. Eventually, the heart can't pump as much blood forward as it normally would.

Duodenal cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the small intestine.

Esophageal cancer

The esophagus can be divided into thirds: top (proximal) or neck, middle or chest, and lower or abdominal. Esophageal cancer consists of mucous membrane cancer or adenocarcinomas most commonly, or squamous cell or epidermoid cancers. Adenocarcinomas can arise from pre-cancerous cells caused by heartburn or GERD.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy causes repeated seizures and is one of the most common neurological condition. The seizures are caused by bursts of electrical activity...

Fall Prevention

Find ways to reduce injury and your risk of falling, slipping, tripping or losing your balance.

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by hundreds to thousands of precancerous...

Head Injury

Learn what do do if you have an injury to the head, scalp, skull or brain.

Heart attack

A heart attack—also called myocardial infarction or MI—occurs when an area of heart muscle is completely deprived of blood, and the heart muscle...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Heart murmur

A heart murmur is an extra sound that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. Your doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat....

Her2 Neu breast cancer

Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) is a genetic protein that is in part responsible for how certain cancer cells grow, divide,...

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer

The average woman has a small chance of getting breast cancer and an even smaller chance of getting ovarian cancer. Your chances may be slightly...

Hereditary colon cancer

Colon cancer genetic testing is a blood test that can tell you whether you carry rare changed, or mutated, genes that can cause colon cancer....

Hip Fracture

A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The incidence of hip fractures increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 50. The majority of hip fractures happen to people older than age 60.

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system, which is the network that carries lymph fluid, nutrients and waste material between the body...

Hypopharyngeal cancer

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom...

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of breast cancer. It is often called IBC for short. Unlike other breast cancers, this...

Interstitial lung disease (ILD)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an inflammatory lung disorder of unknown origin (idiopathic) characterized by abnormal formation of fibrous tissue...

Invasive carcinoma of the breast (IDC)

This cancer starts in a milk duct, breaks through the wall of the duct, and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. From there, it can spread to...

Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC)

This cancer starts in the mammary, or milk, glands (lobules) and can spread to other parts of the body. About 10 percent of breast cancers are this...

Islet cell tumors (endocrine pancreas)

Islet cell tumors are abnormal cells that form in the tissues of the pancreas. An islet cell tumor may also be called a pancreatic endocrine tumor...

Kidney Failure

There are 2 types of kidney failure — acute and chronic - which happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx.   The larynx (voice box) is located just...

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes the following:...

Liver cancer

Adult primary liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver. Find more information at Providence...

Liver disease

Liver diseases can include cirrhosis, infections (such as hepatitis) and liver tumors.

Lobular carcinoma in situ

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a type of noninvasive breast cancer that is confined to the cells lining the very end of the milk ducts...

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. These cells can invade nearby tissue and form tumors. Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system.

Lung metastasis

Lung cancer may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites are the bones, the brain, the liver, the other lung, the...

Lymphedema

When the lymph vessels are damaged, lymph fluid cannot drain from tissues, causing the lymph fluid to back up leading to swelling, heaviness, stiffness, or aching - most often in the arms or legs.

Male breast cancer

Many people believe that only women have breast cancer. Although male breast cancer is very rare, about 1 percent of breast cancers occur in men....

Mediastinal masses

Different types of masses, both benign (non-spreading or invading) and cancerous (able to spread or invade), develop in the mediastinum. Because of their location in this critical area, even benign masses can cause serious issues. The type of problem a tumor or mass may cause depends on its specific location within the mediastinum.

Meningioma

A meningioma is a type of benign tumor that grows in the meninges, which are layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. Technically, a meningioma is not a brain tumor because it does not arise from brain tissue, but, it's often referred to as a brain tumor.

Memory loss

Most people assume that it is normal for a person to lose memory as he or she ages. It's not normal, but it is common. Memory loss causes real...

Melanoma, metastatic

When melanoma spreads (metastasizes), it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes. It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant...

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary

Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not...

Mitral valve disease

Mitral valve stenosis is a heart problem in which the mitral valve doesn't open as wide as it should. It is a lifelong disease. When you first...

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Often an inherited condition, mitral valve prolapse means that the mitral valve - one of 4 valves in your heart that open and close to control the flow of blood - is loose or floppy.

Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation is when the mitral valve in the heart is leaky. It’s also known as mitral insufficiency.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Some older people have greater memory and cognitive difficulties than do those undergoing normal aging, but their symptoms are not so severe as to...

Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a rare form of cancer characterized by excessive production (proliferation) and improper function of certain cells (plasma...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. Myocarditis may occur after a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection, such as diphtheria, rheumatic...

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the...

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor, that grows in nerve tissue of babies and young children. In most cases, neuroblastoma starts in the adrenal glands or the nerve fibers in the abdomen or near the spine in the chest, neck or lower belly (pelvis).

Nonepileptic events

People with nonepileptic seizures (NES) have periods of seizure-like activity. NES are characterized by a loss of or change in physical function...

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system is found throughout the...

Non-small cell lung cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. There are several types of...

Occupational and other respiratory diseases

An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be...

Oligodendroglial tumors

An oligodendroglial tumor begins in brain cells called oligodendrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. Oligodendrocytes are a type of...

Oral complications of chemotherapy and head/neck radiation

The oral cavity is at high risk of side effects from chemotherapy and radiation therapy for a number of reasons. Chemotherapy and radiation...

Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that usually develops in the osteoblast cells that form bone. It happens most often in children, adolescents and young adults.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the ovaries. It is the fifth-most common cause of cancer deaths in women.

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart.

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Progressive muscular atrophy

Progressive muscular atrophy is a rare type of ALS which affects only the lower motor neurons.  (ALS affects both the upper and lower motor neurons.)

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands.

Senior health

As we age, we have special health concerns. They can range from memory loss and broken hips to concerns about exercising safely. Our topics can...

Skin cancer

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin. It's the most common type of cancer, and it's almost always cured when it is found early...

Stroke

Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.

Supraventricular Tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) are a group of abnormally fast heart rhythms; types of SVT include atrial fibrillation (A-fib) and atrial flutter.

Temporal lobe epilepsy

Temporal lobe epilepsy involves the portions of the brain that control emotions and memory. The temporal lobes are located on each side of the head...

Testis cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). Testicular cancer is highly curable, especially...

Thoracic malignancy

Thoracic malignancies are a group of cancers of the chest that include lung cancer, mesothelioma, esophageal cancer, chest wall tumors, airway...

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma

A thymoma is a tumor in the thymus gland. It is a rare, typically nonaggressive cancer that is occasionally found among people who have the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis. 

Tongue cancer

Tongue cancers are oral cancers that are differentiated by their location in the mouth and on the tongue. If the cancer is on the forward portion...

Tracheal cancer

Tracheal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the trachea.

Concussion

A concussion can be caused by a direct blow to the head, neck, face or somewhere else on the body with the force being transmitted to the head. This may cause you to lose consciousness – be "knocked out" - but not always.

Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.

Type 2 Diabetes

When your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin, it is called type 2 diabetes - a chronic disease that has no known cure. It is the most common type of diabetes.

Uterine leiomyosarcoma

A uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from the smooth muscle lining the walls of the uterus (myometrium).

Dizziness

Learn what to do when you feels dizzy or woozy; like your head or the room is spinning or tilting.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition, causing pain and tenderness in connective tissues, as well as muscle pain.

Adrenal adenomas

Adrenal adenomas are common benign tumors on the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. The hormones produced by the...

Astrocytic tumors

An astrocytic tumor begins in star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes, which help keep nerve cells healthy. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell...

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of non-progressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function, body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance.

Chest wall tumor

Bones or muscles of the chest wall can give rise to tumors. Approximately 60 percent of chest wall tumors are cancerous or malignant.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited life-threatening disease that affects many organs. It causes changes in the electrolyte transport system causing cells to absorb too much sodium and water.

Fractures

A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).

Gastroesophageal junction cancer

Gastroesophageal junction cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the place where the esophagus is connected to the stomach.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles; it causes the muscles in the body to become very weak.

Neuroendocrine tumors

Carcinoid syndrome is a disease consisting of a combination of symptoms, physical manifestations and abnormal laboratory chemical findings caused...

Ventricular Fibrillation

Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib) is a dangerous type of arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat. It affects your heart’s ventricles. Because sustained V-fib can lead to cardiac arrest and death, it requires immediate medical attention.

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma, or malignant mesothelioma, is a rare kind of cancer. It starts in the mesothelium, a thin lining that protects the outer surface of some organs, including the lungs, stomach/abdominal space and chest wall.