Infusion total parenteral nutrition (TPN)

Also known as: TPN

Total parenteral nutrition is a lifesaver for patients who cannot get their nutrition through eating. Everyone needs calories and protein, in addition to other substances, to stay healthy. TPN is a complete form of nutrition and may include a combination of sugar and carbohydrates (for energy), proteins (for muscle strength), lipids (fat), electrolytes and trace elements. A patient’s prescription may contain all or some of these substances, depending on the condition.

TPN is administered through an intravenous infusion, usually using a central line. A central line is a special, long lasting IV line, surgically implanted in the chest, which goes through a vein directly into the heart. TPN is administered in the comfortable surroundings of the patient’s own home, allowing them to enjoy routine activities, hobbies and in many cases, to return to work.

Common diagnosis for TPN:
  • GI tract cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Inflammatory-bowel disease
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Short-bowel Syndrome
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Massive bowel resection
  • Persistent intestinal fistulae
  • Trauma-related GI complications
  • Conditions that severely limit intestinal function

Providence Infusion Pharmacy offers a welcome alternative to lengthy hospital stays for medically stable patients requiring injectable therapies. Our highly trained clinical pharmacists and registered infusion nurses work together with physicians to meet the individual needs of patients of all ages.