Related Conditions

Many life-threatening diseases are almost non-existent in western countries because of immunizations.  They start right after birth and many are given throughout a baby's first 23 months. Booster shots occur throughout life.

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common childhood disease. It causes an itchy, blistering rash and is easily spread to others.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an acute bacterial disease that can infect the body in the tonsils, nose, or throat and/or the skin. While this was a common childhood disease in the 1930s, a vaccine against diphtheria has now made it very rare in the U.S. and other developing countries.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by a virus. It goes away on its own in almost all cases. Hepatitis A does not lead to long-term liver...

Human papillomavirus

A human papillomavirus (HPV) test is done to find a high-risk HPV infection in women. HPV is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). An HPV test...

Influenza (Seasonal flu)

Influenza (flu) is a viral infection. People often use the term "flu" to describe any kind of mild illness, such as a cold or a stomach virus that...

Measles

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a very contagious viral illness. It has a distinct rash and a fever. It is usually spread through direct contact with droplets from coughs or sneezes from a person with measles.

Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges - the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord - and is usually caused by infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

MMR

Measles, mumps and rubella are serious diseases caused by viruses. They are spread from person to person through the air. Measles virus can...

Pertussis

Whooping cough is a disease that causes very severe coughing that may last for months. You can cough so hard that you hurt a rib. Whooping cough is...

Polio

Poliomyelitis, most often called polio, is spread by a virus and can cause paralysis. The disease is now rare in the U.S. because of a vaccine against the virus. However, polio still exists in a few countries.

Tetanus

Tetanus is a disease caused by a bacterial infection. The bacteria make a toxin, or poison, that causes severe muscle spasms. Tetanus can be very...