Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...
Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).
Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart beats in an irregular pattern. It is caused by a problem in the heart's electrical pathways. It can be a sign of heart disease or other health problems that affect the heart.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited life-threatening disease that affects many organs. It causes changes in the electrolyte transport system causing cells to absorb too much sodium and water.
A pressure sore (bed sore) is an injury to the skin and/or the tissues under the skin. Constant pressure on an area of skin reduces blood supply to...
Dementia is a loss of mental skills that affects your daily life. It can cause problems with your memory and how well you can think and plan....
Health advice for those feeling depression; feeling depressed, sadness or having no hope; decreased joy from or interest in daily activities; thoughts of suicide.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition in which sugar (glucose) remains in the blood rather than entering the body’s cells to be used for energy. This...
When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia and it can lead to aspiration—food or other material entering the airways or lungs.
Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...
Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy; a hormone made by your placenta keeps your body from using the insulin as it should.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...
Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...
There are 2 types of kidney failure — acute and chronic - which happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, where the protective covering (myelin) on nerves in the brain and spinal cord is damaged, causing messages traveling along affected nerves to slow or stop.
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones - most often affected are the hips, spine and wrists - leaving them at greater risk of breaking.
Osteoarthritis (also called degenerative joint disease) happens when the cartilage in a joint becomes damaged and worn, usually due to age, wear and tear, overuse of the joint, or other problems.
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. It is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition and happens in all age groups and both genders, although it is more common in men.
Stroke - where a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts - is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional; brain damage can occur within minutes of having a stroke.
In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.
When your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin, it is called type 2 diabetes - a chronic disease that has no known cure. It is the most common type of diabetes.
Adults with obesity are more likely to have certain health problems than adults who are not obese. These problems include the following.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone - either open (also called compound fracture; the bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin) or closed (also called simple fracture - the bone is broken, but the skin is intact).
A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The incidence of hip fractures increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 50. The majority of hip fractures happen to people older than age 60.
If you have pleurisy, the lining around your lungs is inflamed. This is most often due to a viral infection or pneumonia.