Related Conditions

Respiratory failure, acute and chronic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result...

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive condition that damages areas of the brain involved in memory, intelligence, judgment, language and behavior....

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease in which certain nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord slowly die. These nerve cells are...

Asthma

Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease of the respiratory system that causes inflammation and spasm or tightening in the bronchial tubes, which...

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (say “A-tree-uhl fih-bruh-LAY-shun”) is an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper parts (atria) of the...

Breast cancer

Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in one or both breasts. They can invade nearby tissues and form a mass, called a...

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease occurs when damage to the kidneys causes reduced kidney function. Kidney disease has usually been present for many years and...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the abnormal growth of cancer cells in the large intestine. Colon cancer forms in the longest part of the large intestine,...

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) are not able to pump blood effectively. When the heart muscle...

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky. This glue-like mucus builds up and causes problems in many...

Decubitus ulcer

A pressure sore (bed sore) is an injury to the skin and/or the tissues under the skin. Constant pressure on an area of skin reduces blood supply to...

Dementia

Dementia is a loss of mental skills that affects your daily life. It can cause problems with your memory and how well you can think and plan....

Depression

Depression is an illness that causes you to feel sad, to lose interest in activities that you've always enjoyed, to withdraw from others, and to...

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition in which sugar (glucose) remains in the blood rather than entering the body’s cells to be used for energy. This...

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is usually a sign of a problem with your throat or esophagus—the muscular tube that moves food...

Limb swelling

Swelling is an increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body. Swelling can be caused by collection of body fluid, tissue...

Failure to thrive

Failure to thrive is a term used to describe a child who seems to be gaining weight or height more slowly than other children of his or her age and...

Gestational diabetes

If your blood sugar level first becomes too high when you are pregnant, you have gestational diabetes. It usually goes away after the baby is...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Jaundice

Jaundice is a condition that makes a newborn’s skin and the white part of the eyes look yellow. It happens because there is too much bilirubin in...

Kidney failure

Acute renal failure (also called acute kidney injury) means that your kidneys have suddenly stopped working. Your kidneys remove waste products and...

Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumors. Lung cancer can start...

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, often called MS, is a disease that affects the central nervous system—the brain and spinal cord. It can cause problems with...

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a progressive disease that causes bones to become thin and brittle, making them more likely to break. Both women and men are more...

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilage that protects and cushions the joints breaks down over time. Eventually, the bones—formerly...

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain. Normally, these nerve...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can make you very sick. You may cough, run a fever, and have a hard time breathing. For most people, pneumonia...

Pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy: Your first sign of pregnancy may be a missed menstrual period. Other early signs of pregnancy, caused by hormonal...

Premature birth

Pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. A baby born 3 or more weeks early is premature. Babies who are born closer to their due dates tend to...

Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a...

Pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is an inflammatory lung disorder characterized by abnormal formation of fibrous tissue (fibrosis) between the tiny air sacs...

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea occurs when someone stops breathing or has slowed breathing during sleep. It can be mild, moderate, or severe, based on the number of...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die....

Tracheostomy

A tracheostomy is a hole is made in the front of the neck to allow a patient to breathe following a total laryngectomy or to treat sleep apnea.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that lets sugar (glucose) move from the...

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become...

Weight problems

Adults with obesity are more likely to have certain health problems than adults who are not obese. These problems include the following. ...

Fractures

A fracture is a break in a bone. Fractures can range from a hairline crack in the bone to the bone being broken into two or more pieces that...

Hip fracture

A hip fracture is more than a broken bone. If you are older, breaking your hip can mean a major change in your life. You will likely need surgery,...

Urinary incontinence in men

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine. It may be related to infection, problems with the nerves and muscles of...

Pleurisy

Pleurisy is swelling (inflammation) of the thin layers of tissue (pleura) covering the lungs and the chest wall. The outer layer of the...

Bronchitis

Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the tubes swell...