Related Conditions

Aortic valve stenosis

The heart has four chambers. In the lower left chamber (left ventricle), the aortic valve works like a one-way gate. When the heart pumps, the...

Arrhythmia

An abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) is any variation in the normal heartbeat. Abnormal heartbeats occur when the heart has an irregular heart...

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (say “A-tree-uhl fih-bruh-LAY-shun”) is an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper parts (atria) of the...

Blood clots

A blood clot (a clump of blood) that forms in a vein and causes inflammation is called thrombophlebitis. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, warmth,...

Carotid artery disease

The carotid artery travels up each side of the neck and branches into smaller vessels that supply blood to the brain. Blood flowing through the...

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood...

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) are not able to pump blood effectively. When the heart muscle...

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is an umbrella term, made up of a variety of different diseases affecting the...

Mitral valve prolapse

Your mitral valve controls blood flow on the left side of your heart. The valve opens and closes with each heartbeat. It works like a one-way gate,...

Mitral valve regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation means that one of the valves in your heart—the mitral valve—is letting blood leak backward into the heart. Heart...

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is narrowing or blockage of arteries that results in poor blood flow to your arms and legs. When you walk or...

Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

A small opening between the two atria (foramen ovale) is present at birth. Shortly after birth, the atrial septum gradually grows and seals this...

Stroke

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die....

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation in a vein in an area where a blood clot has formed. Often the term thrombophlebitis is shortened to "phlebitis."...