ACL repair and treatment

Also known as: Anterior cruciate ligament repair

Surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries involves reconstructing or repairing the ACL.

ACL reconstruction surgery uses a graft to replace the ligament. The most common grafts are autografts, which use part of your own body, such as the tendon of the kneecap (patellar tendon) or a hamstring tendon.

Other good choices include allograft tissue, which is donor material. Repair surgery generally is used only in the case of an avulsion fracture (a separation of the ligament and a piece of the bone from the rest of the bone). In this case, the bone fragment connected to the ACL is reattached to the bone.

ACL injury typically requires surgical intervention in order to return to sport. Physical therapy is recommended before surgery to restore motion in the knee and reduce or minimize swelling. Providence Sports Therapy can work with athletes to teach exercises and techniques that research shows may help prevent ACL injuries.